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L’évolution de la mobilité scolaire intergénérationnelle au Pérou depuis un siècle

Listed author(s):
  • Laure Pasquier-Doumer


    (DIAL, IEP-Paris)

  • Gerardo David Rosas Shady


    (Inter American Development Bank, University of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, DIAL)

(English) The Peruvian society is characterized by a highly unequal income distribution. But, is it also an unfair society in accordance with the criterion of equality of opportunities? Several studies have shown that social origin does not necessarily have a decreasing effect during the life cycle. For example, social origin can continue to influence the professional career even after it has exerted an influence on education and the first job. This paper tries to answer this question by analysing the effect of social origin on occupational mobility in Peru. It describes occupational mobility in Peru as a useful instrument to understand the dynamics of the Peruvian labor market and shows the importance and complexity of this mobility. Finally, it attempts to explain to what extent social background affects occupational mobility after controlling for its effect on the prior stages of the life cycle. _________________________________ (français) La société péruvienne, caractérisée par une répartition très inégalitaire des revenus, est-elle également une société injuste au regard du critère d’égalité des chances ? L’article cherche des éléments de réponse à cette question en s’interrogeant sur le rôle de l’origine sociale sur la mobilité occupationnelle des individus au cours de 5 ans de carrière. En effet, différents travaux suggèrent que l’origine sociale n’a pas un effet forcement décroissant au cours du cycle de vie et qu’elle peut continuer à influencer le déroulement de la carrière professionnelle, même après qu’elle ait exercé une influence sur l’éducation et le premier emploi. L’article décrit tout d’abord la mobilité occupationnelle au Pérou en tant qu’instrument utile pour comprendre la dynamique du marché du travail péruvien et met en avant l’importance de cette mobilité et sa complexité. Ensuite, il cherche à tester si l’origine sociale est déterminante dans l’évolution de la carrière, même après avoir contrôlé ses effets sur les étapes antérieures du cycle de vie.

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Paper provided by DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation) in its series Working Papers with number DT/2005/04.

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Length: 39 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2005
Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt200504
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