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Economie des solidarités -I- Forces et faiblesses des solidarités comme anti-marché


  • Masson, A.


This paper is a general introduction to the economics of "solidarity" (principles, advantages, shortcomings, examples), first presenting the French origins of the term and showing the close links between the analyses of Léon Bourgeois (a French sociologist writing around 1900) and John Rawls. The specificity of the economic point of view is to consider public or private solidarities always in relation to, or in opposition to the market. Their principle of functioning - contractual obligations of reciprocal exchange over the long run between members of a given community - is radically different from market exchange. Their main role should be to remedy to market basic shortcomings, providing enlarged insurance (reduction of uncertainty) and fostering mutually advantageous cooperation between generations (through chains of "indirect" reciprocity). Their potential drawbacks are precisely the counterpart of their advantages over the market : free riding and moral hazard, horizontal inequity, arbitrary obligations etc.

Suggested Citation

  • Masson, A., 1999. "Economie des solidarités -I- Forces et faiblesses des solidarités comme anti-marché," DELTA Working Papers 1999-17, DELTA (Ecole normale supérieure).
  • Handle: RePEc:del:abcdef:1999-17

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Lewis, Tracy R. & Feenstra, Robert & Ware, Roger, 1989. "Eliminating price supports : A political economy perspective," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(2), pages 159-185, November.
    2. Roberto Perotti, 1993. "Political Equilibrium, Income Distribution, and Growth," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 60(4), pages 755-776.
    3. Feenstra, Robert C, 1987. " Incentive Compatible Trade Policies," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 89(3), pages 373-387.
    4. Romer, Thomas, 1975. "Individual welfare, majority voting, and the properties of a linear income tax," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 4(2), pages 163-185, February.
    5. Bourguignon, Francois & Verdier, Thierry, 2000. "Oligarchy, democracy, inequality and growth," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(2), pages 285-313, August.
    6. Bruno Frey, 1971. "Why do high income people participate more in politics?," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 11(1), pages 101-105, September.
    7. Mo, Pak Hung, 2000. "Income Inequality and Economic Growth," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 53(3), pages 293-315.
    8. Spector, David, 2001. "Is it possible to redistribute the gains from trade using income taxation?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(2), pages 441-460, December.
    9. repec:cup:apsrev:v:89:y:1995:i:02:p:271-294_09 is not listed on IDEAS
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    Cited by:

    1. Amedeo Spadaro, 2008. "Optimal taxation, social contract and the four worlds of welfare capitalism," Working Papers 98, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.

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    JEL classification:

    • D60 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - General


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