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De l’(in)utilité des agences de notation

Listed author(s):
  • Mikael PETIJEAN


    (UCL Mons, Louvain School of Management)

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    Depuis la crise des emprunts hypothécaires risqués aux Etats-Unis, plus personne n’ignore l’existence des agences de notation. La population, les responsables politiques et même certains économistes se posent légitimement les questions suivantes : pourquoi les agences de notation ont-elles été créées ? Quelles sont leurs particularités ? Pourquoi jouent-elles un rôle si prépondérant aujourd’hui ? Quelles réformes faudrait-il mettre en oeuvre ? En abordant ces questions, cet article montre que les agences de notation ne sont ni des usurpateurs de pouvoir, ni des facteurs de transparence indispensables. Les réformes actuelles doivent inciter les acteurs économiques à déterminer et utiliser des notations plus conservatrices, que ces notations soient émises par une agence officielle, une institution financière, ou calculée à partir de prix observés sur le marché.

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    Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) in its series Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) with number 98.

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    Length: 20
    Date of creation: 05 Sep 2012
    Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvrg:98
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