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Retraites, soutenabilité et garantie du gouvernement

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  • Gilles LE GARREC

    (OFCE)

Abstract

Nous étudions dans un modèle à générations imbriquées le rôle primordial du gouvernement pour la pérennité des systèmes de retraite par répartition. Nous montrons que les systèmes de retraite à fort taux de cotisation, comme ceux que l'on observe en Europe, ne sont viables à long terme qu'à la condition qu'une partie des droits accumulés par les retraités lorsqu'ils étaient actifs est garantie par le gouvernement. Cette condition peut néanmoins être relativisée à partir du moment où les agents de l'économie croient suffisamment en cette garantie. Ainsi, il est possible d'interpréter la baisse des droits à pension, que des retraités de certains régimes ont été amenés à accepter, non plus comme la seule conséquence d'une démographie défavorable mais aussi comme résultant d'une révision de croyance.

Suggested Citation

  • Gilles LE GARREC, 2005. "Retraites, soutenabilité et garantie du gouvernement," Discussion Papers (REL - Recherches Economiques de Louvain) 2005034, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  • Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvre:2005034
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Gilles Le Garrec, 2005. "Systèmes de retraite et vieillissement," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2005-21, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
    • D72 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
    • D80 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - General

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