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A propos de la prétendue spécificité de l’approche classique

Author

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  • Nicolas GRAVEL

    (THEMA, Université de Cergy-Pontoise)

Abstract

Dans cet article, je mets en cause l'allégation de Duménil et Lévy selon laquelle 1'« approche classique » offrirait une alternative au cadre conceptuel d'Arrow-Debreu en théorie micro-économique. Plus spécifiquement, l'argumentation développée dans cet article est à l'effet que les deux propositions principales de l'approche classique - l'égalité des taux de profits d'équilibre et l'indépendance des prix d'équilibre par rapport aux demandes des ménages - sont, respectivement, une caractéristique indissociable de l'équilibre général du modèle Arrow- Debreu et un cas particulier de ce cadre conceptuel. En outre, je sou- tiens la thèse que les modèles de déséquilibres de Duménil et Lévy sont ad hoc et, pour cette raison, sont incapables de fournir des fondements micro-économiques à la modélisation du comportement hors-équilibre du système économique.

Suggested Citation

  • Nicolas GRAVEL, 1995. "A propos de la prétendue spécificité de l’approche classique," Discussion Papers (REL - Recherches Economiques de Louvain) 1995033, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  • Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvre:1995033
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. N. Gregory Mankiw, 1985. "Small Menu Costs and Large Business Cycles: A Macroeconomic Model of Monopoly," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 100(2), pages 529-538.
    2. George A. Akerlof & Janet L. Yellen, 1985. "A Near-Rational Model of the Business Cycle, with Wage and Price Inertia," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 100(Supplemen), pages 823-838.
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    7. Sneessens, Henri R., 1987. "Investment and the inflation-unemployment tradeoff in a macroeconomic rationing model with monopolistic competition," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 781-808, April.
    8. Edmond Malinvaud, 1987. "Capital productif, incertitudes et profitabilité," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, pages 1-36.
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    10. Blanchard, Olivier Jean & Kiyotaki, Nobuhiro, 1987. "Monopolistic Competition and the Effects of Aggregate Demand," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, pages 647-666.
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    13. Fumio Hayashi, 1981. "Tobin's Marginal q and Average a : A Neoclassical Interpretation," Discussion Papers 457, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D00 - Microeconomics - - General - - - General
    • E1 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models

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