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L’emploi en Europe

Author

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  • Jacques H. DR7ZE

    (CORE-Université Catholique de Louvain)

Abstract

Cet article aborde le problème de la suppression du chômage de masse en Europe. Il affirme que pour ce faire, une décennie complète d'une croissance soutenue de l'output (> 3%) accompagnée d'une croissance modérée des salaires réels (≤ 2%) est nécessaire et probablement suffisante. La croissance de l'output nécessite la croissance de la demande, ce qui n'est pas automatique. Des insuffisances persistantes de la demande sont associées avec une formation décentralisée des prix sous rendements constants ou croissants et avec une rigidité à la baisse des taux d'intérêt. Les recommandations de politiques économiques sont de deux ordres. D'une part, la gestion de la demande agrégée grâce à des subsides sur le coût (logement social, rénovation urbaine, transport urbain et réseaux trans-européen de communications). D'autre part, par la réduction du coût salarial de la main-d'oeuvre peu qualifiée grâce à des exemptions de cotisations sociales. Ces recommandations sont comparées avec celles du Livre blanc.

Suggested Citation

  • Jacques H. DR7ZE, 1995. "L’emploi en Europe," Discussion Papers (REL - Recherches Economiques de Louvain) 1995022, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  • Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvre:1995022
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    File URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40724085
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. N. Gregory Mankiw, 1985. "Small Menu Costs and Large Business Cycles: A Macroeconomic Model of Monopoly," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 100(2), pages 529-538.
    2. George A. Akerlof & Janet L. Yellen, 1985. "A Near-Rational Model of the Business Cycle, with Wage and Price Inertia," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 100(Supplemen), pages 823-838.
    3. Dreze, Jacques & Bean, Charles R, 1990. " European Unemployment: Lessons from a Multicountry Econometric Study," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, pages 135-165.
    4. Sneessens, Henri R & Dreze, Jacques H, 1986. "A Discussion of Belgian Unemployment, Combining Traditional Concepts and Disequilibrium Econometrics," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 53(210(S)), pages 89-119, Supplemen.
    5. Abel, Andrew B & Blanchard, Olivier J, 1983. "An Intertemporal Model of Saving and Investment," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 51(3), pages 675-692, May.
    6. Dixit, Avinash K & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1977. "Monopolistic Competition and Optimum Product Diversity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, pages 297-308.
    7. Sneessens, Henri R., 1987. "Investment and the inflation-unemployment tradeoff in a macroeconomic rationing model with monopolistic competition," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 781-808, April.
    8. Edmond Malinvaud, 1987. "Capital productif, incertitudes et profitabilité," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, pages 1-36.
    9. repec:adr:anecst:y:1987:i:5 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Blanchard, Olivier Jean & Kiyotaki, Nobuhiro, 1987. "Monopolistic Competition and the Effects of Aggregate Demand," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, pages 647-666.
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    12. repec:adr:anecst:y:1987:i:5:p:01 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Fumio Hayashi, 1981. "Tobin's Marginal q and Average a : A Neoclassical Interpretation," Discussion Papers 457, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
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    JEL classification:

    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General

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