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Respuestas empresariales en el País Vasco ante la crisis económica de 1921

  • Juan Carlos Rojo Cagigal

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    La crisis de 1921 cerró bruscamente en la economía española el ciclo bélico que había comenzado a mediados de 1915. En este trabajo se ofrece una primera aproximación al impacto de esta crisis internacional sobre la economía de una región industrializada de la periferia, el País Vasco. En primer lugar se repasan sus características más notables, luego se analiza su alcance en sectores concretos –siderometalurgia, industria mecánica y construcción naval, otras industrias, minería y navieras–, y finalmente se estudian las estrategias empresariales que las elites económicas pusieron en marcha: la diversificación, la cartelización de determinados sectores, la reducción de los costes laborales, si existieron intentos de modernización del equipamiento tecnológico, desarrollo de redes comerciales y de marketing o construcción de estructuras de organización más eficientes. En general, se trata de comprobar –a través del uso de fuentes empresariales– si, a parte de la búsqueda del arancel, los grandes empresarios industriales españoles desarrollaron estrategias de modernización para hacer frente a la crisis de 1921.

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    File URL: http://docubib.uc3m.es/WORKINGPAPERS/DH/dh041001.pdf
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    Paper provided by Universidad Carlos III, Instituto Figuerola de Historia y Ciencias Sociales in its series Working Papers in Economic History with number dh041001.

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    Date of creation: Dec 2004
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    Handle: RePEc:cte:whrepe:dh041001
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