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The District Goes Global: Export vs. FDI


  • Giorgio Basevi

    (University of Bologna)

  • Gianmarco I.P.Ottaviano

    (University of Bologna; CEPR)


This paper depicts an industrial district as a center of innovation in which local technological externalities sustain the endogenous invention of new goods by profit seeking firms. After invention firms dace a crucial choice between reaching distant markets by export or plant delocation. The paper shows how firms, in the attempt to circumvent the obstacles to good s and plant mobility, overlook the impact of their decisions on innovation activities inside the district thus generating a suboptimal mix of export and delocation.

Suggested Citation

  • Giorgio Basevi & Gianmarco I.P.Ottaviano, 1999. "The District Goes Global: Export vs. FDI," Development Working Papers 132, Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano, University of Milano.
  • Handle: RePEc:csl:devewp:132

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. MacKinnon, James G. & White, Halbert & Davidson, Russell, 1983. "Tests for model specification in the presence of alternative hypotheses : Some further results," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 53-70, January.
    2. Davidson, Russell & MacKinnon, James G, 1981. "Several Tests for Model Specification in the Presence of Alternative Hypotheses," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(3), pages 781-793, May.
    3. L. G. Godfrey & M. R. Wickens, 1981. "Testing Linear and Log-Linear Regressions for Functional Form," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 48(3), pages 487-496.
    4. Godfrey, Leslie G & McAleer, Michael & McKenzie, Colin R, 1988. "Variable Addition and LaGrange Multiplier Tests for Linear and Logarithmic Regression Models," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 70(3), pages 492-503, August.
    5. Russell Davidson & James G. MacKinnon, 1985. "Testing Linear and Loglinear Regressions against Box-Cox Alternatives," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 18(3), pages 499-517, August.
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    More about this item


    Industrial district; Regional Development; Delocation;

    JEL classification:

    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)


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