Agricultural Trade Liberalization and the WTO Doha Round
Agriculture is a special sector both for developed and developing countries. The second chapter provides an overview of the reasons why agriculture is so special. The third chapter analyzes relationships between agriculture, international trade, liberalization of markets and economic development in order to provide explanations to the generous domestic support that developed nations reserve for their agricultural sector. The fourth chapter describes the background framework of agricultural negotiations within the context of WTO Uruguay Round and Doha Round with particular attention to the failure of the 5th Inter-Ministerial Conference in Cancùn and the subsequent developments including the so called ‘July package’ officially issued the 1st August 2004. The fifth chapter analyzes the case of environmental policies related to rural development as a concrete example of policies related to Non Trade Concerns and their effects on international agricultural trade. Finally conclusions are drawn on the current negotiations and the underpinning conflicting interests on agriculture between developed and developing nations.
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