Structural Adjustment, Efficiency, and Economic Growth
This paper is intended to make four main points that are relevant for previously planned economies in transition to a market economy. First, national output can be increased by reducing or eliminating relative price distortions through price reform and free trade and by thus enhancing macroeconomic efficiency at full employment. Second, the static output gain from removing a single distortion in a two-sector general equilibrium model with full employment can be captured in a simple formula in which the gain is approximately proportional to the square of the original distortion. Third, substitution of plausible parameter values into the simple formula indicates that the permanent, static output gain from structural adjustment may be large in practice. Fourth, in the end, after the economic transformation has been completed, not only will output per head be higher than initially, but it will probably grow more rapidly than before. The potential dynamic output gain from economic reform is also shown to be substantial.
|Date of creation:||May 1994|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: Centre for Economic Policy Research, 77 Bastwick Street, London EC1V 3PZ.|
Phone: 44 - 20 - 7183 8801
Fax: 44 - 20 - 7183 8820
|Order Information:|| Email: |
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:911. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ()
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.