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An age-differentiated tax on bequests

Author

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  • PESTIEAU Pierre

    () (Université de Liège, CORE and Paris School of Economics)

  • PONTHIERE Gregory

    (Université Paris 12, Paris School of Economics and Institut universitaire de France)

Abstract

Although fiscal systems around the world tax bequests at rates that do not explicitly depend on the age of the deceased, there exist several theoretical reasons to use that observable characteristic to differentiate the tax rate on bequests. This paper presents four arguments supporting an age-differentiated tax on bequests, that is, a tax rate on bequests that is varying with the age of the deceased. A first argument, which relies on the standard utilitarian criterion, supports a tax rate decreasing with the age of the deceased on the grounds that, as age increases, the accidental (inelastic) component of bequests declines, making taxation less desirable on efficiency grounds. However, three other arguments - avoiding influence of the tax on testamentary dispositions, compensating the unlucky short-lived and redistributing towards orphans in need - all support a tax rate on bequests increasing with the age of the deceased.

Suggested Citation

  • PESTIEAU Pierre & PONTHIERE Gregory, 2018. "An age-differentiated tax on bequests," CORE Discussion Papers 2018006, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  • Handle: RePEc:cor:louvco:2018006
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    bequest; taxation; age discrimination; mortality;

    JEL classification:

    • H21 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation
    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies

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