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Liberalization, quality and welfare : removing the Italian VER on Japanese car exports


  • TURRINI , Alessandro

    (Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE), Université catholique de Louvain (UCL), Louvain la Neuve, Belgium)


Both the theoretical and the empirical literature on international trade agree that quantitative restrictions on trade have an impact on the average quality of exports. Yet, in evaluating (ex-ante) trade policy effects, there are no studies tiling into account the role of the change in quality. In this paper the choice of quality is endogenized in a two-stage game in a model which is calibrated to the Italian car market, one of the mast protected in Europe. Simulating the removal of the VER on Japanese exports, there are substantial gains from liberalization when only quantity effects are considered. Results change dramatically if quality effects are taken into account: the downgrading in Japanese exports entails a strong reduction in consumers' gains.

Suggested Citation

  • TURRINI , Alessandro, 1996. "Liberalization, quality and welfare : removing the Italian VER on Japanese car exports," CORE Discussion Papers 1996052, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  • Handle: RePEc:cor:louvco:1996052

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Flam, Harry, 1994. "EC members fighting about surplus VERs, FDI and Japanese cars," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(1-2), pages 117-131, February.
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    VERs; Quality; Automotive industry;


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