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Eficiencia productiva de la inversión y crecimiento económico. Un enfoque desde la teoría laboral del valor

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  • Juan Pablo Mateo Tomé

    ()

Abstract

Este artículo analiza la dinámica del crecimiento económico a partir de lo que se denomina como eficiencia productiva de la inversión, la cual relaciona el ratio capital-trabajo, expresión de la mecanización, con la productividad laboral. Partiendo de la hipótesis de que existe una tendencia a su descenso, lo que trae consigo una caída de la productividad del capital, se muestran las implicaciones sobre el proceso de crecimiento económico desde los fundamentos de la teoría laboral del valor. El marco analítico sustenta que la inversión obedece al propósito de aumentar el beneficio relativo, para lo cual debe reducir los costes mediante un aumento superior de la productividad respecto de los salarios. En consecuencia, se justifican los límites del crecimiento a partir de la influencia de la tasa de ganancia sobre la inversión.

Suggested Citation

  • Juan Pablo Mateo Tomé, 2011. "Eficiencia productiva de la inversión y crecimiento económico. Un enfoque desde la teoría laboral del valor," ENSAYOS DE ECONOMÍA 009117, UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL DE COLOMBIA SEDE MEDELLIN.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000418:009117
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    Keywords

    rentabilidad; acumulación; crecimiento; cambio técnico.;

    JEL classification:

    • B24 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought since 1925 - - - Socialist; Marxist; Scraffian
    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes

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