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Estados Unidos A Inicios de siglo: desequilibrios, crisis y erosion del liderazgo económico mundial

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  • Katia Cobarrubias Hernández

    ()

Abstract

Este trabajo se propone aportar elementos para argumentar la idea de que la debilidad de la recuperación que tuvo lugar en la economía norteamericana entre 2001 y 2008, así como la agudización de desequilibrios (comerciales, financieros, fiscales y distributivos) en ese período demuestran que esta economía atraviesa por una profunda crisis que va más allá de una simple contracción cíclica. Se trata en definitiva de que, si bien Estados Unidos mantiene el liderazgo económicomundial, su hegemonía muestra claras señales de decadencia, lo que se refleja tanto en las condiciones internas del país, como en las tensiones que sufre su posición en el orden económico global. Estados Unidos tiene ante sí el reto de realizar los ajustes necesarios para reacomodar su posición en un escenario que difiere radicalmente del que favoreció su liderazgo absoluto, al finalizar la Segunda Guerra Mundial.

Suggested Citation

  • Katia Cobarrubias Hernández, 2007. "Estados Unidos A Inicios de siglo: desequilibrios, crisis y erosion del liderazgo económico mundial," ENSAYOS DE ECONOMÍA 008073, UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL DE COLOMBIA SEDE MEDELLIN.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000418:008073
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Ricardo Hausmann & Lant Pritchett & Dani Rodrik, 2005. "Growth Accelerations," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 10(4), pages 303-329, December.
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    5. Davidson, Paul, 1972. "Money and the Real World," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 82(325), pages 101-115, March.
    6. Luiz Fernando de Paula, 2007. "FINANCIAL LIBERALISATION, EXCHANGE RATE REGIME AND ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE IN BRICs COUNTRIES," Anais do XXXV Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 35th Brazilian Economics Meeting] 016, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
    7. Ricardo Hausmann & Bailey Klinger, 2008. "Growth Diagnostics: Perú," Research Department Publications 2005, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Desequilibrios; crisis; liderazgo; decadenciahegemónica; crisis inmobiliaria.;

    JEL classification:

    • E20 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • E60 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - General
    • F02 - International Economics - - General - - - International Economic Order and Integration

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