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Análisis de convergencia entre las tasas de desempleo de las siete principales áreas metropolitanas y la de colombia, periodo 1985-2005

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  • Adith Anillo Montes

    ()

  • Jairo Zamora Gaviria

    ()

Abstract

La adopción de medidas tendientes a regular la actividad económica y laboral así como la mayor movilidad de factores económicos producto de más y mejores medios de transporte y comunicación, han generado un proceso de reducción gradual en las disparidades del mercado laboral entre las regiones colombianas reflejado en la disminución de las tasas de desempleo de las aéreas metropolitanas en la última década. Este fenómeno generalizado nos permite plantear la hipótesis de un proceso de convergencia que conduzca hacia un estado estacionario en el que todas las tasas de desempleo presenten un crecimiento similar. En atención a lo anterior, este artículo realiza un estudio de convergencia aplicado al tema del desempleo colombiano, en el cual se emplean medidas de convergencia como la convergencia tipo β y tipo α complementado con un estudio de cointegración utilizando el método de Johansen, con el fin de comprobar si tal fenómeno persiste en el largo plazo. ****** Taking measures which tend to regulate labor and economic activities as well as the greater mobility of economic factors resulting of better means of transportation and communication have generated a gradual reduction process within the disparities of labor market among Colombian regions reflected in lower unemployment rates in metropolitan areas during the last decade. This generalized phenomenon allows us to suggest a hypothesis of a convergence process leading toward a steady state where all the unemployment rates show a similar growth. Concerning this previous statement, this article makes a convergence study applied to the Colombian unemployment issue, where convergence measures are used, as -convergence and -convergence, supplemented by a Co-integration study using the Johansen’s method, with the aim of checking if such phenomenon persists in the long run.

Suggested Citation

  • Adith Anillo Montes & Jairo Zamora Gaviria, 2007. "Análisis de convergencia entre las tasas de desempleo de las siete principales áreas metropolitanas y la de colombia, periodo 1985-2005," REVISTA PANORAMA ECONÓMICO 006205, UNIVERSIDAD DE CARTAGENA.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000407:006205
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    File URL: http://revistas.unicartagena.edu.co/index.php/panoramaeconomico/article/view/403
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    Keywords

    Desempleo; convergencia; macroeconomía; mercado laboral; tasa de desempleo; convergencia tipo ²; convergencia tipo ± y método de cointegración de Johansen; Unemployment; convergence; macroeconomics; labor market; unemployment rate; -convergence; -convergence; Johansen’s Co-integration method;

    JEL classification:

    • J60 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - General
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

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