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Análisis de políticas públicas para el fomento de la creación de empresas en el municipio de Valledupar (1998-2005)

Listed author(s):
  • Wilfrido Rodríguez Orozco

    ()

  • Yimy Gordon Hernández
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    Actualmente, se reconoce la necesidad de evaluar las políticas públicas aplicadas, debido a que sus resultados generan una visión del éxito obtenido en el contexto económico y social, a partir de la gestión de sus ejecutores. Las políticas públicas formuladas por el Estado con el fin de propender por el desarrollo, los elementos que las componen -por ejemplo, el fomento de mipymes- y la adecuación de los marcos legales y jurídicos para la promoción económica local, son evidencia de la acción del gobierno y de los subgobiernos; no obstante, la implementación de dichas políticas es una tarea de trabajo conjunto entre el Estado mismo y las entidades competentes. Este artículo presenta los resultados del análisis de políticas y acciones públicas en relación con los mecanismos de fomento a la creación de empresas en el municipio de Valledupar, ubicado en la costa caribe colombiana. La hipótesis conjetura un alto grado de desarticulación y descoordinación, entre las entidades cuyas competencias giran en torno al tema y un enfoque asistencial de los programas implementados por el ente territorial; sin embargo, este trabajo intenta hacer visibles las distintas arquitecturas organizacionales y financieras que han sido estructuradas por el Estado para resolver la necesidad de garantizar una acción territorialmente coordinada de las políticas sectoriales nacionales entre los años 1998 y 2005. Se utiliza el mecanismo de evaluación de políticas públicas a nivel de impacto (Roth Deubel, 2002). La información fue recolectada a través de encuestas a una muestra de 351 personas y entrevistas con representantes de 25 instituciones (entidades públicas, privadas, colegios, universidades e instituciones financieras, entre otros). ****** At the moment, it is necessary the evaluation of the applied public policies, because their results will generate a visualization of the achieved success in the economic and social context, from the point of view of the executive board. The public policies formulated by the State to pretend the development and the elements that compose them - for example, the promotion of mipymes- and the adjustment of the legal and legal marks for the local economic promotion, are evidence of the action of the government and sub-governments; However, the implementation of political public policies is a common task between the State and the competent organizations. This article presents the results of the analysis of policies and public actions in relation to the mechanisms of promotion to the creation of companies in the municipality of Valledupar, located in the Colombian Caribbean coast. The hypothesis surmise a high degree of dislodgment and lack of coordination between the organizations whose assignment is a welfare approach of the programs implemented by the local governments, nevertheless, this work tries to make visible different organizations and their financial architectures that have been planned by the State to solve the necessity to guarantee an action territorially coordinated of the national policies between years 1998 and 2005. The mechanism of evaluation of public policies at impact level is used (Roth Deubel:2002). The information was collected through surveys to a sample of 351 people and interviews with representatives of 25 institutions (public organizations, deprived, schools, financial universities and institutions, among others).

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    File URL: http://revistas.unicartagena.edu.co/index.php/panoramaeconomico/article/view/402
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    Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DE CARTAGENA in its series REVISTA PANORAMA ECONÓMICO with number 006204.

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    Length: 32
    Date of creation: 12 Dec 2007
    Handle: RePEc:col:000407:006204
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