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Instrumentos económicos y regulación de la contaminación industrial: primera aproximación al caso del río Bogotá (Colombia)

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  • Guillermo Rudas Lleras

    ()

Abstract

Se parte de asumir que, si se cobran tasas por contaminar, cada firma llevará sus vertimientos de aguas servidas hasta un punto en donde el costo marginal por reducirlos sea igual a la tarifa de la tasa. De esta forma el nivel de reducción agregado se obtendrá al menor costo posible, debido a que todas las firmas asumirán los mismos costos marginales de manejo de sus vertimientos. En términos empíricos se estima una función de costos de plantas de tratamiento para una muestra de firmas manufactureras que operan actualmente estas plantas. Con esta función se simulan escenarios para una muestra ampliada de firmas, frente a distintos niveles de tarifas de las tasas. Se estiman así los comportamientos de firmas con costos marginales superiores a la tarifa y de las firmas con costos marginales inferiores a la misma tarifa. El resultado obtenido es que si se cobra la tarifa mínima que fija la norma vigente en Colombia, el impacto sería neutro; ero con la tarifa máxima permitida, se obtendría reducciones netas de alrededor del 50% de los vertimientos actuales.

Suggested Citation

  • Guillermo Rudas Lleras, 2006. "Instrumentos económicos y regulación de la contaminación industrial: primera aproximación al caso del río Bogotá (Colombia)," DOCUMENTOS DE ECONOMÍA 002895, UNIVERSIDAD JAVERIANA - BOGOTÁ.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000108:002895
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D62 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Externalities
    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • K32 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - Energy, Environmental, Health, and Safety Law
    • Q52 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Pollution Control Adoption and Costs; Distributional Effects; Employment Effects

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