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Geografía económica de la Amazonia colombiana


  • Adolfo Meisel Roca


  • Leonardo Bonilla Mejía


  • Andrés Sánchez Jabba



Este trabajo analiza la geografía económica de la región amazónica colombiana, compuesta por los departamentos de Amazonas, Caquetá, Guainía, Guaviare, Putumayo y Vaupés. Para este propósito se describen las principales características físicas, demográficas, sociales y económicas. El comportamiento de los indicadores sugiere que se trata de una de las regiones menos prósperas de Colombia, lo que se ha traducido en condiciones de vida inferiores a las del resto del país. Al indagar por los factores explicativos de este rezago, se argumenta que el aislamiento geográfico y económico de la Amazonía colombiana ha limitado la conformación de economías regionales que potencialicen el crecimiento económico. ****** ABSTRACT: This study analyzes the economic geography of the Colombian amazon, composed by the states of Amazonas, Caquetá, Guainía, Guaviare, Putumayo and Vaupés. For this purpose, we describe its main physical, demographic, social and economic characteristics. Results suggest that this is one of the least prosper areas of Colombia, which is reflected on the population’s comparatively low welfare conditions. Among the explanatory factors associated with this backwardness, we argue that the region’s geographic and economic isolation has constrained the conformation of regional economies and, hence, economic growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Adolfo Meisel Roca & Leonardo Bonilla Mejía & Andrés Sánchez Jabba, 2013. "Geografía económica de la Amazonia colombiana," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 011540, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000102:011540
    DOI: 10.32468/dtseru.193

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    Economía regional; Amazonía; geografía;

    JEL classification:

    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • J10 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - General
    • Q20 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - General
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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