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El aguacate en Colombia: Estudio de caso de los Montes de María, en el Caribe colombiano

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  • Javier Yabrudy Vega

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Abstract

The avocado (Persea american Mill) is the fifth most important tropical fruit in the world, measured in terms of volume and cultivated area, of which Colombia, in 2010, was the fifth major producer, factor which reflects the country´s important export potential. However, despite its comparatively high production, the country must import in order to satisfy domestic demand. During the last decade, some regions within had characterized by leading avocado production, such as Montes de María, region of the Colombian Caribbean Coast. Nonetheless, the latter has been surpassed by departments such as Tolima and Antioquia, which in the last 20 years have made significant investments in crop modernization. RESUMEN: El aguacate (Persea americana Mill) es la quinta fruta tropical más importante en el mundo, medida en términos de volumen y área cultivada. Colombia en 2010 fue el quinto mayor productor mundial y encuentra en este producto gran potencial exportador. Sin embargo, y a pesar de sus altos volúmenes de producción, debe recurrir a su importación para cubrir la demanda interna. Algunas zonas del país que durante décadas se caracterizaron por liderar la producción aguacatera, como los Montes de Maria en la región del Caribe colombiana, han sido relegadas por departamentos como Tolima y Antioquia, los cuales durante los últimos veinte años han realizado inversiones importantes en la tecnificación de este cultivo.

Suggested Citation

  • Javier Yabrudy Vega, 2012. "El aguacate en Colombia: Estudio de caso de los Montes de María, en el Caribe colombiano," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL Y URBANA 009901, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000102:009901
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    Keywords

    Aguacate; región Caribe colombiana; producción.;

    JEL classification:

    • Q11 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Aggregate Supply and Demand Analysis; Prices
    • Q16 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - R&D; Agricultural Technology; Biofuels; Agricultural Extension Services
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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