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La obesidad y su concentración según nivel socioeconómico en Colombia

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  • Karina Acosta

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Abstract

This paper uses information from the Demographic and Health Survey, as well as the National Survey of Nutritional Status of 2005 and 2010 in order to calculate obesity concentration indices among adults in Colombia. Additionally, we performed an analysis of the factors that account for the changes between these two years. Our results indicate that Colombia is a country which is experiencing nutritional transition. Specifically, although overweight within the adult population does not completely reach the highest rank, it is otherwise increasing. In 2010 obesity rates were comparatively high among men in the upper socioeconomic strata, while remaining high within women at the bottom of the income distribution. Resumen: Usando los datos de las encuestas de Demografía y Salud (ENDS) y los de la Situación Nutricional de Colombia (ENSIN) recolectados durante los años 2005 y 2010, se estimaron los índices de concentración de la obesidad en la población adulta colombiana. De igual forma se hizo un análisis de los factores que explican los cambios experimentados entre estos dos años, los cuales también se desagregaron entre géneros. Entre los principales resultados se encuentra que Colombia está en medio de una transición nutricional, ya que si bien el sobrepeso no alcanza los rangos más altos a nivel mundial, está en ascenso. Para el 2010 la obesidad se concentra dentro del grupo de hombres con mejores niveles socioeconómicos, mientras que en las mujeres se concentra en la parte baja de la distribución de ingreso.

Suggested Citation

  • Karina Acosta, 2012. "La obesidad y su concentración según nivel socioeconómico en Colombia," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL Y URBANA 009814, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000102:009814
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Obesidad; transición nutricional; índice de concentración;

    JEL classification:

    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality
    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being

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