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La obesidad y su concentración según nivel socioeconómico en Colombia

  • Karina Acosta

    ()

This paper uses information from the Demographic and Health Survey, as well as the National Survey of Nutritional Status of 2005 and 2010 in order to calculate obesity concentration indices among adults in Colombia. Additionally, we performed an analysis of the factors that account for the changes between these two years. Our results indicate that Colombia is a country which is experiencing nutritional transition. Specifically, although overweight within the adult population does not completely reach the highest rank, it is otherwise increasing. In 2010 obesity rates were comparatively high among men in the upper socioeconomic strata, while remaining high within women at the bottom of the income distribution. Resumen: Usando los datos de las encuestas de Demografía y Salud (ENDS) y los de la Situación Nutricional de Colombia (ENSIN) recolectados durante los años 2005 y 2010, se estimaron los índices de concentración de la obesidad en la población adulta colombiana. De igual forma se hizo un análisis de los factores que explican los cambios experimentados entre estos dos años, los cuales también se desagregaron entre géneros. Entre los principales resultados se encuentra que Colombia está en medio de una transición nutricional, ya que si bien el sobrepeso no alcanza los rangos más altos a nivel mundial, está en ascenso. Para el 2010 la obesidad se concentra dentro del grupo de hombres con mejores niveles socioeconómicos, mientras que en las mujeres se concentra en la parte baja de la distribución de ingreso.

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Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL in its series DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL with number 009814.

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Date of creation: 15 Jul 2012
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Handle: RePEc:col:000102:009814
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  1. Veiga, Paula, 2008. "Out-of-pocket health care expenditures due to excess of body weight in Portugal," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 6(1), pages 127-142, March.
  2. David Madden, 2010. "The Socioeconomic Gradient of Obesity in Ireland," Working Papers 201047, Geary Institute, University College Dublin.
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  6. Deon Filmer & Lant Pritchett, 2001. "Estimating Wealth Effects Without Expenditure Data—Or Tears: An Application To Educational Enrollments In States Of India," Demography, Springer, vol. 38(1), pages 115-132, February.
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  9. Luis Fernando Gamboa & Nohora Y. Forero Ramírez, 2009. "Body mass index as a standard of living measure: a different interpretation for the case of Colombia," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 005218, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO.
  10. Komlos, John & Breitfelder, Ariane & Sunder, Marco, 2008. "The transition to Post-industrial BMI values among US children," Discussion Papers in Economics 4304, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  11. Ljungvall , Åsa & Gerdtham , Ulf-G, 2009. "More equal but heavier: A longitudinal analysis of income-related obesity inequalities in an adult Swedish cohort," Working Papers 2009:3, Lund University, Department of Economics.
  12. Bhattacharya, Jay & Bundorf, M. Kate, 2009. "The incidence of the healthcare costs of obesity," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(3), pages 649-658, May.
  13. Viego, Valentina N. & Temporelli , Karina L., 2011. "Sobrepeso y obesidad en Argentina. Un análisis basado en técnicas de econometría espacial/Overweigh and Obesity in Argentina. A Spatial Approach," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 29, pages 915 (26 pág, Diciembre.
  14. Zhang, Qi & Wang, Youfa, 2004. "Socioeconomic inequality of obesity in the United States: do gender, age, and ethnicity matter?," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 58(6), pages 1171-1180, March.
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