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La economía de Risaralda después del café: ¿Hacia dónde va?

  • Laura Cepeda Emiliani

    ()

La economía del departamento de Risaralda en el siglo XX pasó de ser una economía agrícola, principalmente por sus cultivos de café, a una basada sobre todo en el comercio y los servicios. El declive de la economía cafetera hizo que los tres departamentos del llamado Eje Cafetero (Caldas, Quindío y Risaralda), tomaran trayectorias divergentes. Por esa razón, es necesario estudiar su evolución económica reciente por separado. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar evidencia descriptiva acerca de la evolución económica reciente de Risaralda. Gracias a los recursos generados en el pasado por el café, el departamento cuenta con una buena infraestructura y buenos índices de capital humano, en comparación con otros departamentos. Sin embargo, se observa un deterioro reciente de la calidad de vida de sus habitantes, evidenciado en las cifras de pobreza y desempleo. En cuanto a su economía, se encuentra que si bien la actividad comercial ha sido una vocación tradicional de su población, estas no es capaz de generar un alto valor agregado ni empleo de calidad. ABSTRACT:During the 20th century, Risaralda´s economy went from being an agricultural-based (primarily due to coffee production) to being based on commerce and services. This reduction of the coffee production has made the paths the economies of the so called Eje Cafetero (Caldas, Quindío y Risaralda) diverge. Thus the study of these three departments must be done separately. This paper´s objective is to present descriptive evidence about Risaralda´s recent economic evolution. The department has good infrastructure and human capital, thanks to the resources generated by the coffee economy in the past. However, recently there has been a recent reduction of the quality of life that can be seen through poverty and unemployment rates. Regarding its economy, even though commercial activities have responded to a traditional vocation of its people, these activities do not generate quality employment.

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File URL: http://www.banrep.gov.co/documentos/publicaciones/regional/documentos/DTSER-153.pdf
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Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL in its series DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL with number 008943.

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Date of creation: 31 Aug 2011
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Handle: RePEc:col:000102:008943
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