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La economía de Risaralda después del café: ¿Hacia dónde va?

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  • Laura Cepeda Emiliani

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Abstract

La economía del departamento de Risaralda en el siglo XX pasó de ser una economía agrícola, principalmente por sus cultivos de café, a una basada sobre todo en el comercio y los servicios. El declive de la economía cafetera hizo que los tres departamentos del llamado Eje Cafetero (Caldas, Quindío y Risaralda), tomaran trayectorias divergentes. Por esa razón, es necesario estudiar su evolución económica reciente por separado. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar evidencia descriptiva acerca de la evolución económica reciente de Risaralda. Gracias a los recursos generados en el pasado por el café, el departamento cuenta con una buena infraestructura y buenos índices de capital humano, en comparación con otros departamentos. Sin embargo, se observa un deterioro reciente de la calidad de vida de sus habitantes, evidenciado en las cifras de pobreza y desempleo. En cuanto a su economía, se encuentra que si bien la actividad comercial ha sido una vocación tradicional de su población, estas no es capaz de generar un alto valor agregado ni empleo de calidad. ABSTRACT:During the 20th century, Risaralda´s economy went from being an agricultural-based (primarily due to coffee production) to being based on commerce and services. This reduction of the coffee production has made the paths the economies of the so called Eje Cafetero (Caldas, Quindío y Risaralda) diverge. Thus the study of these three departments must be done separately. This paper´s objective is to present descriptive evidence about Risaralda´s recent economic evolution. The department has good infrastructure and human capital, thanks to the resources generated by the coffee economy in the past. However, recently there has been a recent reduction of the quality of life that can be seen through poverty and unemployment rates. Regarding its economy, even though commercial activities have responded to a traditional vocation of its people, these activities do not generate quality employment.

Suggested Citation

  • Laura Cepeda Emiliani, 2011. "La economía de Risaralda después del café: ¿Hacia dónde va?," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 008943, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000102:008943
    DOI: 10.32468/dtseru.153
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    File URL: https://doi.org/10.32468/dtseru.153
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    Keywords

    economía regional; café; servicios; desempleo; remesas.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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