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Historia empresarial del guineo: Empresas y empresarios bananeros en el departamento del Magdalena, 1870-1930

  • Joaquín Viloria De la Hoz

    ()

En este documento se analiza la actividad econ�mica y empresarial que se desarroll� en el departamento del Magdalena, m�s espec�ficamente en Ci�naga y su �rea de influencia, entre las d�cadas de 1870 y 1930. Con este prop�sito, se estudian las iniciativas empresariales que buscaban impulsar y consolidar econ�micamente esta zona agr�cola, a trav�s de cultivos como el tabaco, el cacao y el banano. La zona bananera del Magdalena muestra un conjunto din�mico de iniciativas empresariales desde el nivel local, en el que sobresalen las redes y las empresas familiares. A finales del siglo XIX, estos empresarios agr�colas fueron los pioneros de la econom�a bananera en Colombia. La consolidaci�n de la econom�a bananera de exportaci�n en las primeras d�cadas del siglo XX, fue el resultado de al menos tres variables: iniciativas empresariales m�ltiples, pol�tica de estado favorable para la inversion (adjudicaci�n de tierras y exenciones tributarias) y aprovechamiento de econom�as de escala en la producci�n y distribuci�n de la fruta. La actividad bananera gener� una din�mica econ�mica significativa durante varias d�cadas en el departamento del Magdalena, pero, por diferentes fen�menos, no pudo convertirse en motor del desarrollo econ�mico regional como lo fue la actividad cafetera en varios departamentos de Colombia.

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Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL in its series CUADERNOS DE HISTORIA ECONÓMICA Y EMPRESARIAL with number 005545.

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Date of creation: 26 May 2009
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Handle: RePEc:col:000101:005545
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