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Economic policy and institutional change: a contex-specific model for explaining the economic reforms failure in 1970´s Colombia

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  • Angela Milena Rojas

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Abstract

This paper develops a context-specific model (Greif, 1997) to analyze the case of failed market-oriented reform in Colombia during 1974-78. The methodology keeps the contextual specificity at a manageable level, which is no more than the institutional structure under consideration, while it tries to maintain a parsimonious model. The theoretical framework is inscribed in the rational choice approach and game theory. This paper raises a standard question in economic reforms literature: why did the reforms fail? More comprehensively, what impeded progressive institutional change in this case? The answer is based on modelling theoretically and historically the strategic dilemmas brought about by the reforms and internacional shocks. Government appears here as an inflexible agenda setter poorly endowed; Coffee as the dominant player whose short-run interests won through, and Industry as the weak player who openly opposed to policies that the G-Cs coalition set out with the 1976 coffee boom. Ultimately the reforms failed because of Government´s poor understanding of and limited autonomy for solving the dilemmas economic reforms vs. coffee boom", "Non-coffee sectors vs. Coffee sector", and "Short-run vs. Long-run economic growth". "

Suggested Citation

  • Angela Milena Rojas, 2006. "Economic policy and institutional change: a contex-specific model for explaining the economic reforms failure in 1970´s Colombia," BORRADORES DEL CIE 004193, UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTIOQUIA - CIE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000099:004193
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    File URL: http://www.udea.edu.co/portal/page/portal/bibliotecaSedesDependencias/unidadesAcademicas/FacultadCienciasEconomicas/ElementosDiseno/Documentos/BorradoresEconomia/BorradCIE_25.pdf
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    Keywords

    Economic reforms; macroeconomic stabilization; structural adjustment; prisoner´s dilemma; assurance game; coalition; Colombian Economic Policy and History;

    JEL classification:

    • E61 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination
    • E63 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policy; Stabilization; Treasury Policy
    • E65 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Studies of Particular Policy Episodes
    • N16 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • O23 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development
    • O43 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Institutions and Growth
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean

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