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El canal de préstamos de la política monetaria en Colombia. Un enfoque FAVAR

Author

Listed:
  • Fernando Tenjo Galarza

    ()

  • Enrique López E.

    ()

  • Diego H. Rodríguez H.

    ()

Abstract

En este trabajo se utiliza un modelo FAVAR (factor-augmented vector autoregression) con el fin de examinar el papel que las condiciones financieras de los bancos, reflejadas en información recopilada a nivel individual, tienen en la transmisión de la política monetaria. El tipo de modelo utilizado acá permite, así mismo, reconciliar los niveles de análisis macro y microeconómico. En el FAVAR se incluyen factores comunes macroeconómicos extraídos de un grupo de series macroeconómicas. Así mismo se incluyen factores obtenidos de las razones financieras construidas a partir de las hojas de balance de los bancos. Se encuentra que los factores construidos a partir de las razones de liquidez, solvencia y apalancamiento contribuyen a entender la dinámica macroeconómica. Sin embargo, esta dinámica es a su vez afectada por la postura de la política monetaria. Se encuentra también que la liquidez de los bancos es muy importante en la transmisión de los choques monetarios al resto de la economía. En general, esta investigación está en la línea de mejorar los análisis de política monetaria con modelos que consideren el crédito y los aspectos financieros de la economía.

Suggested Citation

  • Fernando Tenjo Galarza & Enrique López E. & Diego H. Rodríguez H., 2011. "El canal de préstamos de la política monetaria en Colombia. Un enfoque FAVAR," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 009198, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000094:009198
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Ben S. Bernanke & Ilian Mihov, 1998. "Measuring Monetary Policy," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 113(3), pages 869-902.
    2. Lucia Alessi & Matteo Barigozzi & Marco Capasso, 2007. "A Robust Criterion for Determining the Number of Static Factors in Approximate Factor Models," LEM Papers Series 2007/19, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
    3. Jushan Bai & Serena Ng, 2002. "Determining the Number of Factors in Approximate Factor Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 70(1), pages 191-221, January.
    4. Bernanke, Ben S & Blinder, Alan S, 1992. "The Federal Funds Rate and the Channels of Monetary Transmission," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(4), pages 901-921, September.
    5. Lucia Alessi & Matteo Barigozzi & Marco Capasso, 2009. "A Robust Criterion for Determining the Number of Factors in Approximate Factor Models," Working Papers ECARES 2009_023, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    6. Ben S. Bernanke & Mark Gertler, 1995. "Inside the Black Box: The Credit Channel of Monetary Policy Transmission," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(4), pages 27-48, Fall.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Transmisión de la política monetaria; condiciones financieras de los bancos.;

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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