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Portfolio Optimization and Long-Term Dependence


  • Carlos Eduardo León Rincón


  • Alejandro Reveiz



Abstract Whilst emphasis has been given to short-term dependence of financial returns, long-term dependence remains overlooked. Despite financial literature provides evidence of long-term´s memory existence, serial-independence assumption prevails. This document´s long-term dependence assessment relies on rescaled range analysis (R/S), a popular and robust methodology designed for Geophysics but extensively used in financial literature. Results correspond to most of the previous evidence of significant long-term dependence, particularly for small and illiquid markets, where persistence is its most common kind. Persistence conveys that the range of possible future values of the variable will be wider than the range of purely random and independent variables.Ahead of R/S financial literature, authors estimate an adjusted Hurst exponent in order to properly estimate the covariance matrix at higher investment horizons, avoiding the traditional -independence reliant- square-root-of-time rule. Ignoring long-term dependence within the mean-variance portfolio optimization results in concealed risk taking; conversely, by adjusting for long-term dependence the weight of high (low) persistence risk factors decreases (increases) as the investment horizon widens. This alleviates some well-known shortcomings of conventional portfolio optimization for long-term investors (e.g. central banks, pension funds and sovereign wealth managers), such as excessive risk taking in long-term portfolios, extreme weights, home bias, and reluctance to hold foreign currency-denominated assets.

Suggested Citation

  • Carlos Eduardo León Rincón & Alejandro Reveiz, 2010. "Portfolio Optimization and Long-Term Dependence," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 007487, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000094:007487

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    1. María del Pilar Esguerra Umaña & Enrique Montes Uribe & Aaron Garavito Acosta, 2010. "El comercio colombo – venezolano: características y evolución reciente," REVISTA APUNTES DEL CENES, UNIVERSIDAD PEDAGOGICA Y TECNOLOGICA DE COLOMBIA, April.
    2. Jonathan Eaton, Marcela Eslava, Maurice Kugler,James Tybout, 1970. "Export Dynamics in Colombia: Firm-Level Evidence," Working Papers eg0036, Wilfrid Laurier University, Department of Economics, revised 1970.
    3. Enrique Montes U. & Aaron Garavito A & Carolina Pulido G. & Mónica Hernández F. & Gustavo Caballero, 2008. "El mercado venezolano en las exportaciones colombianas: dependencia de los exportadores en 2006," COYUNTURA ECONÓMICA, FEDESARROLLO, vol. 38(1), pages 77-107, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Julián David García-Pulgarín & Javier Gómez-Restrepo & Daniel Vela-Barón, 2015. "An Asset Allocation Framework with Tranches for Foreign Reserves," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 013440, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.

    More about this item


    Portfolio optimization; Hurst exponent; long-term dependence; biased random walk; rescaled range analysis.;

    JEL classification:

    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General
    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General

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