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¿Son Estilizadas Las Regularidades Del Ciclo Económico?Una Breve Revisión De La Literatura

  • Luis Eduardo Arango T.

    ()

  • Mauricio Castillo

Desde comienzos de siglo los economistas han estudiado los fenómenos recurrentes de auge y declive de la actividad económica. Prueba de ello son las investigaciones de Mitchell (1913, 1927), Kuznets (1926), y Mills (1936), así como el interés permanente del NBER en generar la información relacionada con dichos fenómenos para la economía norteamericana. Desde entonces los enfoques y la profundidad de las investigaciones han variado. Así, tanto las fases como los comovimientos y las características comunes (similitudes) de los ciclos han sido objeto de estudio por parte de los economistas. Sobre las fases, Mitchell (1913, 1927) destacó la existencia de expansiones, recesiones, contracciones y recuperaciones a lo largo del ciclo, mientras que Kuznets (1926) observó la existencia de algunas similitudes entre algunas economías a lo largo del ciclo económico. En relación con los comovimientos (contemporáneos, rezagados o adelantados) entre algunas variables económicas, Mills (1936) señaló la existencia de correlaciones entre precios y cantidades durante las expansiones y las contracciones económicas: correlaciones de signo positivo entre dichas variables eran indicativas de ciclos inducidos por fenómenos de demanda, mientras que correlaciones negativas eran indicativas de ciclos inducidos por la oferta. Después del surgimiento de la corriente Keynesiana, con la cual la determinación del ingreso ganó la mayor importancia, las discusiones sobre el ciclo económico pasaron a un segundo plano y fue sólo hasta Lucas (1972, 1975) cuando la caracterización de las fluctuaciones así como la explicación de sus causas se retomó con especial interés1. Sin embargo, ha sido durante las dos últimas décadas cuando se ha visto un mayor desarrollo en el estudio y medición sistemática de las fluctuaciones económicas, lo cual ha provocado un considerable debate macroeconómico. Una parte de estas investigaciones ha sido ensamblada en un cuerpo teórico conocido como enfoque del Ciclo Económico Real (CER), propuesto inicialmente por Kydland y Prescott (1982) y Long y Plosser (1983).

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Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA in its series BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA with number 003835.

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Length: 45
Date of creation: 28 Feb 1999
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Handle: RePEc:col:000094:003835
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  1. Thomas F. Cooley & Gary D. Hansen, 1987. "The Inflation Tax in a Real Business Cycle Model," UCLA Economics Working Papers 496, UCLA Department of Economics.
  2. Robert J. Hodrick & Edward Prescott, 1981. "Post-War U.S. Business Cycles: An Empirical Investigation," Discussion Papers 451, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
  3. Marianne Baxter & Alan C. Stockman, 1988. "Business Cycles and the Exchange Rate System: Some International Evidence," NBER Working Papers 2689, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. David K. Backus & Patrick J. Kehoe & Finn E. Kydland, 1987. "International real business cycles," Working Papers 426, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  5. Jean-Pierre DANTHINE & John B. DONALDSON, 1991. "Methodological and Empirical Issues in Real Business Cycle Theory," Cahiers de Recherches Economiques du Département d'Econométrie et d'Economie politique (DEEP) 9102, Université de Lausanne, Faculté des HEC, DEEP.
  6. Cardia, Emanuela, 1991. "The dynamics of a small open economy in response to monetary, fiscal, and productivity shocks," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(3), pages 411-434, December.
  7. Danthine, Jean-Pierre & Girardin, Michel, 1989. "Business cycles in Switzerland : A comparative study," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 33(1), pages 31-50, January.
  8. Kim, In-Moo & Loungani, Prakash, 1992. "The role of energy in real business cycle models," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 173-189, April.
  9. Kydland, Finn E & Prescott, Edward C, 1982. "Time to Build and Aggregate Fluctuations," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(6), pages 1345-70, November.
  10. Olivier J. Blanchard & Mark W. Watson, 1987. "Are Business Cycles All Alike?," NBER Working Papers 1392, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Long, John B, Jr & Plosser, Charles I, 1983. "Real Business Cycles," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 91(1), pages 39-69, February.
  12. Lucas, Robert E., 1977. "Understanding business cycles," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 5(1), pages 7-29, January.
  13. David K. Backus & Patrick J. Kehoe, 1991. "International evidence on the historical properties of business cycles," Staff Report 145, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  14. Mendoza, Enrique G, 1991. "Real Business Cycles in a Small Open Economy," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(4), pages 797-818, September.
  15. Lucas, Robert E, Jr, 1975. "An Equilibrium Model of the Business Cycle," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 83(6), pages 1113-44, December.
  16. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1972. "Expectations and the neutrality of money," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 4(2), pages 103-124, April.
  17. King, Robert G. & Plosser, Charles I. & Rebelo, Sergio T., 1988. "Production, growth and business cycles : I. The basic neoclassical model," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(2-3), pages 195-232.
  18. Finn E. Kydland & Edward C. Prescott, 1990. "Business cycles: real facts and a monetary myth," Quarterly Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, issue Spr, pages 3-18.
  19. Lucas, Robert E, Jr, 1973. "Some International Evidence on Output-Inflation Tradeoffs," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 63(3), pages 326-34, June.
  20. Frederick C. Mills, 1936. "Prices in Recession and Recovery: A Survey of Recent Changes," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number mill36-1, December.
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