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Caracterización del Ajuste Microeconómico de precios en Colombia

  • Alexandra Espinosa
  • Carlos Felipe Jaramillo
  • Edgar Caicedo

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    Este documento analiza varios aspectos del ajuste y comportamiento microeconómico de los precios en Colombia, usando información de un Hipermercado de Bogotá para el período 1989 a comienzos de 1999. El análisis muestra que en un ambiente de inflación promedio superior al 20% el precio de un artículo típico permaneció inalterado en promedio durante 130 días. La alta proporción de artículos para los cuales sus precios no se ajustan con alta frecuencia es evidencia favorable de la importancia de los "costos de menú" en la decisión de reajustar un precio. Adicionalmente, se encontró que en el período de mayor inflación (1989-1991), la duración del precio típico es menor, así como el tamaño del reajuste promedio medido a través de la banda (S,s). A pesar del ambiente inflacionario y de la aparente extensa duración del precio típico, no se encontró evidencia de inflexibilidad a la baja de los precios nominales. Igualmente, se encontró una asociación positiva entre inflación y variabilidad de precios, similar a la que se ha detectado en otros países.

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    File URL: http://www.banrep.gov.co/docum/ftp/borra177.pdf
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    Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA in its series BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA with number 002106.

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    Length: 26
    Date of creation: 30 Apr 2001
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:col:000094:002106
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