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Profundización, apertura y cierre de mercados de exportación a nivel sectorial en Colombia:

Author

Listed:
  • Ricardo Argüello

    ()

  • Andrés Felipe García

    ()

  • Daniel Valderrama

    ()

Abstract

Resumen: En este trabajo se explora, desde el punto de vista empírico, el comportamiento de la profundización, apertura y cierre de mercados de exportación a nivel sectorial para Colombia durante el periodo 1997-2010, con énfasis en los dos periodos de recesión que presenta la economía durante el mismo. Para ello se emplea una metodología de descomposición de los cambios registrados por el comercio, en sus márgenes intensivo y extensivo, que permite la identificación de estos fenómenos y su observación tanto a lo largo del tiempo como a nivel transversal. Los resultados indican que, en el corto plazo, el margen intensivo del comercio explica la mayor parte de las variaciones en las exportaciones, en tanto que en el mediano plazo se encuentra una importante contribución del margen extensivo a éstas. Adicionalmente, desde el punto de vista sectorial, la crisis de 1997-1999 no presenta un patrón homogéneo en términos del comportamiento de los márgenes del comercio, en tanto que la de 2008-2009 se caracteriza por presentar un patrón más homogéneo a través de los distintos sectores de la actividad económica.Abstract: We explore, from an empirical perspective, the behavior of export markets opening, deepening, and closing at the sectoral level, during 1997-2010 for the case of Colombia, with an emphasis on the two recessions that the economy suffered during this time. For this, we use a trade decomposition technique that allows us to measure each of these market events and trace its behavior along time as well as in the cross-section. Results indicate that, in the short term, the intensive margin of trade largely determines the behavior of exports, while in the medium run an important role is played by the extensive margin. Furthermore, from a sectoral perspective, during the 1997-1999 crisis no uniform pattern is found for the trade margins, while during the 2008-2009 crisis a notoriously homogenous pattern emerges across sectors.

Suggested Citation

  • Ricardo Argüello & Andrés Felipe García & Daniel Valderrama, 2013. "Profundización, apertura y cierre de mercados de exportación a nivel sectorial en Colombia:," Documentos de Trabajo 010391, Universidad del Rosario.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000092:010391
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    File URL: http://repository.urosario.edu.co/bitstream/handle/10336/10841/10391.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Pérez, Carlos Andrés & Solano, Stephany & Londoño, Harold, 2018. "Compás Empresarial y de Competitividad No. 2 Somos lo que hacemos El valor agregado de las exportaciones de Colombia y el Valle del Cauca 2016 [Business and Competitiveness Compass No. 2 We are wha," MPRA Paper 90080, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    márgenes del comercio; crisis económica; dinámica exportadora; Colombia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F19 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Other
    • F61 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - Microeconomic Impacts

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