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Diferencias en los índices de masa corporal en Colombia en 2005: una aplicación de los indicadores de desigualdad

Author

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  • Luis Fernando Gamboa

    ()

  • Nohora Forero Ramírez

    ()

Abstract

El trabajo estudia las diferencias en el Índice de Masa Corporal (IMC) por grupos etariosentre los 20 y 60 años teniendo como punto de referencia escalas normativas y relativasmediante el uso de algunos indicadores de pobreza y distribución del ingreso. Se encuentraque la proporción de la población con IMC fuera del rango establecido como normalaumenta con la edad. Cuando el análisis del IMC se hace con base en la distribución de lavariable en el grupo de edad respectivo (medida relativa), se encuentra que las diferenciasentre los grupos de edad se reducen. Aunque la desigualdad en la distribución del índice nose incrementa significativamente con la edad, los aumentos generados deben atenderse paraevitar problemas de salud pública entre la población.*********************************************************************************************************We employ the measures traditionally used to analyze poverty, for studying the differences inthe Body Mass Index (BMI) scores, according to the age and other socioeconomic variables,for people between 20 and 60. We use information from Demographic and Health Survey(DHS, 2005). We find that the participation of population with a BMI out of the normal rangeenhances with age. Nevertheless, if the measure of reference is not the normal range but arelative measure (which takes into account the distribution of the BMI in the respective groupof age), differences among groups are less. Although inequality in the distribution of BMIdoes not enhance with age, the increases produced should be attended to avoid problems ofpublic health in Colombia.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis Fernando Gamboa & Nohora Forero Ramírez, 2008. "Diferencias en los índices de masa corporal en Colombia en 2005: una aplicación de los indicadores de desigualdad," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 004693, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000092:004693
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    Keywords

    Bienestar; Índices antropométricos; Obesidad; Colombia.;

    JEL classification:

    • I1 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement

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