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Pobreza, Empleo y Distribución del Ingreso en las Zonas Rurales de Colombia, Durante la Década de 1990. Una Revisión de Literatura

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  • Ricardo Arguello

Abstract

En este trabajo se examinan los más importantes estudios realizados sobre la pobreza, el empleo y la distribución del ingreso en zonas rurales de Colombia, con especial referencia a la década de 1990. Aunque hay cierta dificultad para identificar los "hechos estilizados" que caracterizan la evolución de estas variables, durante el período de interés, los resultados de la revisión permiten indicar los siguiente: la pobreza rural tiende a disminuir en el largo plazo, aunque se ve afectada negativamente por el ciclo económico y por la forma con que interactúa con el resto de la economía. El empleo rural disminuye su participación en el empleo total y tiende a adquirir características que lo asimilan más al empleo urbano, en la medida en que parece "terciarizarce". Existe un sesgo antirural que determina que la brecha de ingresos rural-urbana se amplíe secularmente; en tanto que las reformas económicas introducidas a comienzos de la década tuvieron una incidecia positiva en la disminución de la concentración del ingreso rural.*****************************************************************************************************The most relevant literature on the incidence of poverty, and the evolution of employment and income distribution in Colombian rural areas during the decade of the 90s is examined. Nonetheless it is difficult to identify the "stylized facts" that allow characterizing the evolution of these variables, the results of the review lead to the following conclusions: The incidence of rural poverty tends to decrease in the long run. However, this trend is negatively affected by the economic cycle and by the way the rural sector interacts with the rest of the economy. The share of rural within total employment decreases while it tends to acquire characteristics that make it more similar to urban employment. This happens as rural employment "tertiarizes". There is an antirural bias that enhances the gap between rural and urban income levels. However, the economic reforms of the beginning of the decade seem to have had a positive role in reducing the degree of concentration of rural income.

Suggested Citation

  • Ricardo Arguello, 2004. "Pobreza, Empleo y Distribución del Ingreso en las Zonas Rurales de Colombia, Durante la Década de 1990. Una Revisión de Literatura," Borradores de Investigación 004329, Universidad del Rosario.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000091:004329
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    pobreza rural; empleo rural; distribución del ingreso; Colombia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • J43 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Agricultural Labor Markets

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