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El desempleo en América Latina y el Caribe


  • Laurence Ball


  • Nicolás De Roux


  • Marc Hofstetter



Este estudio construye nuevas series de tasas de desempleo para Latinoamérica y el Caribe y estudia sus determinantes. Al comparar diferentes países encontramos que el desempleo está influenciado por el tamaño de la población rural y que los efectos de las regulaciones gubernamentales son generalmente débiles. También examinamos aumentos prolongados y persistentes del desempleo en el tiempo y encontramos que se originan en contracciones de la demanda agregada. Estas contracciones son el resultado ya sea de políticas monetarias desinflacionarias o de la defensa de una tasa de cambio fija ante salidas de capital. Nuestra evidencia da soporte a las teorías de histéresis según las cuales cambios de corto plazo en la tasa de desempleo influencian su tasa natural.

Suggested Citation

  • Laurence Ball & Nicolás De Roux & Marc Hofstetter, 2012. "El desempleo en América Latina y el Caribe," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 009324, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:009324

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Daniel J. Benjamin & James J. Choi & A. Joshua Strickland, 2010. "Social Identity and Preferences," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 100(4), pages 1913-1928, September.
    2. Sally, David, 2001. "On sympathy and games," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 44(1), pages 1-30, January.
    3. Collins, Anne D. & Lim, Jamus Jerome, 2010. "Recognition, redistribution, and liberty," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 74(3), pages 240-252, June.
    4. Levy, David M. & Peart, Sandra J., 2009. "Sympathy, evolution, and The Economist," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 71(1), pages 29-36, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:ilo:ilowps:482088 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Peña, Ximena., 2013. "The formal and informal sectors in Colombia : country case study on labour market segmentation," ILO Working Papers 994820883402676, International Labour Organization.

    More about this item


    desempleo; histéresis; política monetaria; América Latina y el Caribe.;

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements

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