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(English) Greece education and brain drain in times of crisis (Italiano) Grecia: istruzione e brain drain in tempi di crisi

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  • Andrea Pelliccia
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    (English) Brain drain is a phenomenon that Greece has experienced since late 1950, which has continued in subsequent decades and intensified over the 1990s. Although there was, in the first decade of the twenty-first century, a political and economic situation more stable than in the past, the unprecedented economic crisis that Greece is going through has caused, and will continue to cause, the increase in brain drain due to poor employment opportunities and strong austerity measures taken by past governments, which depress the level of living standards. If this massive human capital flight increases, which is very likely, it would surely worsen the situation as Greece would continue to suffer depression effects on its economy and to lose precisely the resources it needs for economic recovery. This article highlights some causes determining the brain drain in Greece, also in the light of some scientific surveys that analyse this phenomenon. Moreover, it tries to provide keys to ending the crisis and to economic recovery, starting from education and implementation of major reforms aimed at overcoming problems that have long plagued the Hellenic education system and that can enhance its quality, while maintaining commitments to equity and social justice. (Italiano) Quello del brain drain è un fenomeno che la Grecia ha vissuto fin dalla fine degli anni 1950 che ha continuato nei decenni successivi e che si è intensificato nel corso degli anni 1990. Nonostante vi sia stata, nel primo decennio del XXI secolo, una situazione politica ed economica piuttosto stabile rispetto al passato, l’attuale crisi economica senza precedenti che la Grecia sta attraversando ha provocato e continuerà a provocare l’aumento della fuga dei cervelli a causa delle scarse opportunità di lavoro e delle forti misure di austerità, prese dagli ultimi governi, che deprimono il livello standard di vita. Se la fuga massiccia di capitale umano dovesse assumere dimensione più grandi, cosa assai probabile, la situazione potrebbe sicuramente peggiorare perché così la Grecia continuerebbe a subire effetti depressivi per la propria economia e a perdere esattamente le risorse umane di cui ha bisogno per la ripresa economica. Questo articolo analizza alcune cause determinanti la fuga dei cervelli, alla luce anche di contributi scientifici che esaminano questo fenomeno. Individua inoltre alcune possibili chiavi di uscita dalla crisi e di ripresa economica, partendo dall’istruzione e dall’attuazione di importanti riforme finalizzate al superamento di problemi che hanno a lungo afflitto il sistema di istruzione ellenico e che possono migliorarne la qualità, pur mantenendo impegni di equità e giustizia sociale.

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    Paper provided by National Research Council, Institute for Research on Population and Social Policies in its series IRPPS Working Papers with number 54:2013.

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    Date of creation: 2013
    Handle: RePEc:cnz:wpaper:54:2013
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