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(English) UNDER 18 - The perception of demographic change among young Italians: the research of IRPPS- CNR (Italiano) UNDER 18 - Le ricerche dell'IRPPS sulla percezione dei cambiamenti demografici tra gli adolescenti

  • Maura Misiti
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    (English) From 2001 to 2007 the Irpps realized the UNDER-18 project in the framework of the surveys on opinions and attitudes toward demographic change of the Institute. UNDER-18 was carried out in collaboration with local authorities of Venice, Salerno, Lucca e Milano. The paper presents a comparative summary of the results achieved through the qualitative and quantitative surveys in the four cities. The methodology includes qualitative and quantitative tools. The qualitative surveys comprises interviews with local stakeholders (teachers, civil servants, parents) and focus groups (with students, social operators, teachers); the quantitative surveys are realized in selected schools by the administration of a questionnaire addressed to a sample of students in each city. The survey on the students was aimed to assess the effectiveness of the knowledge achieved at school in the field of population, demographic trends, including immigration at the local level. Moreover the questionnaire was designed to collect the opinions of the students toward family roles, women's participation in the labour market, the perception of migration, the possible prejudices on immigrants, gender roles and gender stereotypes. The target of the survey are the students attending the last two years of the high school and the last one of the secondary school. The questionnaire is structured in 4 sections: knowledge of current demographic trends, changes in living arrangements, social integration and citizenship of migrants, gender roles. In the paper are also presented the results of the lexical analysis of the text regarding the interviews to the stakeholders, including a lexical correspondence analysis. (Italiano) Nel periodo compreso tra il 2001 e il 2007 l’IRPPS ha promosso il progetto UNDER-18, con un approccio di ricerca originale, articolato su un impianto che ripercorre lo schema delle indagini sugli atteggiamenti verso le trasformazioni demografiche dell’IRPPS.UNDER-18 è stato svolto in collaborazione con le istituzioni locali nei comuni di Venezia, Salerno, Lucca e Milano. Questo lavoro presenta una sintesi comparativa dei risultati ottenuti nelle diverse indagini sia quantitative che qualitative. Il disegno metodologico prevede una fase qualitativa di interviste a testimoni privilegiati (insegnanti, funzionari dell’amministrazione, genitori), di focus group (operatori sociali, studenti e genitori, insegnanti) ed una fase di indagine sul campo nelle scuole selezionate attraverso la somministrazione di un questionario ad un campione di studenti. L’indagine rivolta agli studenti è finalizzata a valutare in termini di conoscenze acquisite, l’efficacia degli insegnamenti posseduti dai ragazzi riguardo alla popolazione, alle tendenze demografiche nel campo della famiglia, delle migrazioni nel paese, nella propria regione e città; a raccogliere le opinioni degli studenti sui ruoli in famiglia, a valutare la percezione del fenomeno migratorio, l’eventuale esistenza di pregiudizi verso gli immigrati e verso i ruoli di uomini e donne. Il target dell’indagine sono gli studenti degli ultimi due anni delle scuole superiori e dell’ultimo anno della scuola media, il questionario è articolato in 4 settori: conoscenza delle tendenze in atto, cambiamenti familiari, integrazione sociale e cittadinanza politica degli immigrati e differenze di genere. Sono anche presentati anche i risultati dell'analisi lessicale del testo relativa alle interviste ai testimoni privilegiati, inclusa una analisi delle corrispondenze lessicali.

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    Paper provided by National Research Council, Institute for Research on Population and Social Policies in its series IRPPS Working Papers with number 31:2010.

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    Date of creation: 2010
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    Handle: RePEc:cnz:wpaper:31:2010
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