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Fairness, or just gambling on it? An experimental analysis of the gift exchange game

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  • Healy, Paul J.

Abstract

Fehr, Kirchsteiger and Riedl [12] experimentally test a labor market in which worker effort levels are chosen after wages are set. They observe high wages and effort levels in the repeated game, contrary to the equilibrium prediction. In a similar experimental test of lemons markets, Lynch Miller, Plott and Porter [23] find support for the equilibrium prediction. The current paper finds more evidence of repeated game efforts than in previous studies. In a model of incomplete information regarding the reciprocal nature of other players, the FKR design is shown to be conducive to reputation effects while the LMPP design is not.

Suggested Citation

  • Healy, Paul J., 2004. "Fairness, or just gambling on it? An experimental analysis of the gift exchange game," Working Papers 1183, California Institute of Technology, Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • Handle: RePEc:clt:sswopa:1183
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    4. Mongin Philippe, 1995. "Consistent Bayesian Aggregation," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 66(2), pages 313-351, August.
    5. Itzhak Gilboa & Dov Samet & David Schmeidler, 2004. "Utilitarian Aggregation of Beliefs and Tastes," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, pages 932-938.
    6. Schmeidler, David, 1989. "Subjective Probability and Expected Utility without Additivity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 57(3), pages 571-587, May.
    7. Hylland, Aanund & Zeckhauser, Richard J, 1979. "The Impossibility of Bayesian Group Decision Making with Separate Aggregation of Beliefs and Values," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(6), pages 1321-1336, November.
    8. Charles Blackorby & David Donaldson & Philippe Mongin, 2004. "Social Aggregation Without the Expected Utility Hypothesis," Working Papers hal-00242932, HAL.
    9. Kin Chung Lo, 1996. "Weighted and quadratic models of choice under uncertainty," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 50(3), pages 381-386, March.
    10. Gilboa, Itzhak & Schmeidler, David, 1989. "Maxmin expected utility with non-unique prior," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 141-153, April.
    11. Machina, Mark J & Schmeidler, David, 1992. "A More Robust Definition of Subjective Probability," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 60(4), pages 745-780, July.
    12. Karni, Edi & Schmeidler, David & Vind, Karl, 1983. "On State Dependent Preferences and Subjective Probabilities," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 51(4), pages 1021-1031, July.
    13. John C. Harsanyi, 1955. "Cardinal Welfare, Individualistic Ethics, and Interpersonal Comparisons of Utility," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 63, pages 309-309.
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    Cited by:

    1. Teck H. Ho & Noah Lim & Colin Camerer, 2005. "Modeling the Psychology of Consumer and Firm Behavior with Behavioral Economics," Levine's Bibliography 784828000000000476, UCLA Department of Economics.

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    Keywords

    gift exchange game; fairness; experiment; trust; reputation;

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