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La performance et le développement économiques à long terme du Québec : Les douze travaux d'hercule-Québec (mis à jour, revus et corrigés 6e édition)

Listed author(s):
  • Marcel Boyer

I characterize the performance of the Québec economy over the last three decades 1981-2010. Many indicators are presented: GDP, GDP per capita, population, job creation, employment rates, average weekly earnings, private investments, productivity, trade and commerce, debt, R&D. In spite of some strong sectors, the global economic performance of Québec has been significantly lower than that of the rest of Canada and the United States. Many challenges are confronting us. Québec is in a sense condemned to be more efficient, more innovative and more entrepreneurial than its main competitors and partners in order to reverse the current trend towards marginality. We need a significant program of change capable of both reaffirming the social-democratic goals and principles that have become synonymous with modern Québec and implementing a radically different set of policies, ways, and means. We need in fact a new quiet revolution to reenact the entrepreneurial spirit, both at the corporate and social level, which has generated the first, to replace our traditional past-oriented social-democracy by a competitive social-democracy, resolutely open toward futurity and modernity. Je caractérise dans ce rapport la performance économique du Québec au cours des trois dernières décennies 1981 à 2010. Plusieurs indicateurs sont présentés : PIB, PIB par habitant, population, création d'emplois, taux d'emploi, rémunération hebdomadaire moyenne, investissements des entreprises, productivité, commerce extérieur, dette, R&D. Malgré la présence de secteurs en plein développement, la performance économique globale du Québec traîne dangereusement derrière celle du reste du Canada et des États-Unis. Plusieurs défis doivent être relevés. Nous sommes d'une certaine manière condamnés à être plus efficaces, plus innovateurs et plus entrepreneurs que nos principaux concurrents et partenaires afin de renverser la tendance actuelle vers la marginalité. Pour nous rapprocher de la tête du peloton, nous avons besoin de changements en profondeur incarnant les mêmes principes sociaux-démocrates que ceux qui ont présidé à l'avènement du Québec moderne mais s'appuyant sur des politiques, modalités et moyens radicalement différents. Nous avons besoin en réalité d'une nouvelle révolution tranquille pour renouer avec l'esprit entrepreneurial, tant corporatif que social, qui a présidé à la première, pour passer d'une social-démocratie traditionnelle tournée vers le passé à une social-démocratie concurrentielle résolument ouverte sur l'avenir et la modernité.

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Paper provided by CIRANO in its series CIRANO Working Papers with number 2012s-03.

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Length: 110 pages
Date of creation: 01 Jan 2012
Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2012s-03
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