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Dynamiques d'arbitrage entre écotaxe et permis d'émissions

Listed author(s):
  • Arnaud Dragicevic

This paper proposes three analyses of the tradeoff mechanism between ecotax and carbon credit. Our wish is to compare the ecotax level with the carbon credit price, subject to the minimization of the cost inherent to emissions. We redefine the calculus equations of the firm profit, in which we inject the parameters of energy intensity and emission intensity. We proceed to one static and two dynamic studies, whither we adapt the methodology of population dynamics. Our results highlight a simple tradeoff rule between ecotax and carbon credit, both in the static and dynamic models. In uncertainty, the rule determines whether the level of environmental tax is under- or overvalued compared to the carbon credit price. As well, the study enables to determine the global level of tax revenue attainable by the enforcement of the environmental taxation. Ce papier propose trois analyses sur le mécanisme d'arbitrage entre écotaxes et permis d'émissions. Notre souhait est de comparer le niveau de l'écotaxe avec le prix du permis d'émissions, sous contrainte de minimisation du coût inhérent aux émissions. Nous redéfinissons les équations de calcul du profit des entreprises où nous injectons les paramètres d'intensité énergétique et de facteur d'émissions. Nous procédons à une étude statique puis à deux études dynamiques dans lesquelles nous adaptons la méthodologie de la dynamique des populations. Nos résultats mettent en exergue une simple règle d'arbitrage entre écotaxe et permis d'émissions, aussi bien dans le modèle statique que les modèles dynamiques. Dans l'incertitude, la règle détermine si le niveau de la taxe environnementale est sous- ou surévalué par rapport au prix du permis d'émissions. L'étude permet également de déterminer le niveau global des recettes fiscales atteignable par la mise en vigueur de l'éco-fiscalité.

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Paper provided by CIRANO in its series CIRANO Working Papers with number 2011s-45.

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Length: 35 pages
Date of creation: 01 May 2011
Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2011s-45
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