IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/cir/cirpro/2000rp-02.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Le Choix des Filières d'Études au Québec : Situation Actuelle et Revue de la Littérature

Author

Listed:
  • Charles Bellemare
  • Claudia Keser
  • Claude Montmarquette

Abstract

In this paper, we have examined the over-representation of women in the university sector as a whole and their under-representation in the pure and applied sciences. Paving the way for concrete responses, our overview of the economic literature examined the determinants of university students' choice of fields of study. It was found that students who faced multiple choices of study disciplines discriminated between programs based on anticipated income differentials, the likelihood of finding employment, the atrophy of knowledge in science, and the value of some degrees that facilitate the transition to higher education. Although these variables significantly explain the choice of students' programs of study, a significant residual portion of the gender gap in choice remains unexplained. We suggest that a number of idiosyncratic preferences of women and men could explain this residual portion, but that data on student preferences in Quebec were not available in the current survey. To fill this gap, laboratory experiments currently underway at CIRANO will soon shed substantial light on risk aversion and the distinctive degree of cooperation between men and women. We believe that these two factors play an important role in students' decision-making processes and their measurement, in addition to enriching current educational knowledge, would pave the way for the development of policy interventions. Dans le présent document, nous nous sommes interrogés sur la sur-représentation des femmes dans l’ensemble du secteur universitaire et leur sous-représentation dans le domaine des sciences pures et des sciences appliquées. Préparant la voie à des réponses concrètes, notre survol de la littérature économique s’est penché sur les déterminants des choix de filières des étudiants universitaires. Il a été possible de constater que les étudiants qui faisaient face à plusieurs choix de disciplines d’études discriminaient entre les programmes selon les différentiels de revenus anticipés, les probabilités de trouver un emploi, l’atrophie des connaissances dans les sciences ainsi que la valeur que procurent certains diplômes qui facilitent le passage aux études supérieures. Bien que ces variables expliquent significativement le choix des programmes d’études des étudiants, une portion résiduelle importante de l’écart des choix entre les hommes et les femmes demeure toujours inexpliquée. Nous avançons qu’un certain nombre de préférences idiosyncratiques des femmes et des hommes pourraient expliquer cette portion résiduelle mais que des données sur les préférences des étudiantes et étudiants au Québec n’étaient pas disponibles dans les enquêtes de sondage actuelles. Pour combler ce vide, des expériences en laboratoire présentement en cours au CIRANO permettront sous peu de jeter un éclairage substantiel sur l’aversion au risque et le degré de coopération distinctif des hommes et des femmes. Il est de notre avis que ces deux facteurs jouent beaucoup dans le processus de décision des étudiants et leur mesure, en plus d’enrichir les connaissances actuelles en matière d’éducation, préparerait la voie à l’élaboration de politiques d’interventions.

Suggested Citation

  • Charles Bellemare & Claudia Keser & Claude Montmarquette, 2000. "Le Choix des Filières d'Études au Québec : Situation Actuelle et Revue de la Littérature," CIRANO Project Reports 2000rp-02, CIRANO.
  • Handle: RePEc:cir:cirpro:2000rp-02
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://cirano.qc.ca/files/publications/2000RP-02.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:cir:cirpro:2000rp-02. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Webmaster). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/ciranca.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.