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Evolución Reciente del Mercado Mundial de Vinos y el desempeño de Argentina


  • Julio Elías
  • Gustavo Ferro
  • Álvaro García


How did the wine world market perform in the last decades in terms of production, international trade, prices and consumption? What happened with Argentina’s wine industry in the same period? To answer these questions, we categorize countries and analyze FAO statistics from 1961 on. We verify that production, exports and consumption had displaced from traditional Old World traditional producers to New World. Production has decreased in volume, consumption has tended to reduce its dispersion regionally, the internationalization of the market had tripled in a little more than half a century and quality –proxy by export relative prices- has increased on average and has reduced its dispersion with respect to world average and to the prices of the more reputed producer and exporter. Resumen: ¿Cuál ha sido la evolución del mercado mundial de vinos en las últimas décadas en materia de producción, comercio internacional, precios y consumo? ¿Qué ha ocurrido con Argentina en ese período? Se responden estas preguntas categorizando los países y analizando estadísticas compiladas por FAO desde 1961. Se verifica que producción, exportaciones y consumo se ha desplazado desde productores tradicionales del Viejo Mundo al Nuevo Mundo, que la producción ha bajado en cantidad, el consumo ha tendido a reducir su dispersión regional, que se ha triplicado el nivel de internacionalización del mercado en algo más de cinco décadas y que la calidad –aproximada por precios relativos de exportación- parece haber aumentado en promedio y reducido su dispersión respecto del promedio mundial y de los precios del productor de máxima reputación.

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  • Julio Elías & Gustavo Ferro & Álvaro García, 2019. "Evolución Reciente del Mercado Mundial de Vinos y el desempeño de Argentina," CEMA Working Papers: Serie Documentos de Trabajo. 701, Universidad del CEMA.
  • Handle: RePEc:cem:doctra:701

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    JEL classification:

    • Q11 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Aggregate Supply and Demand Analysis; Prices
    • Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade

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