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Complementariedad, Exenciones y Tributación Optima


  • Osvaldo H. Schenone
  • Carlos A. Rodríguez
  • Rolf R. Mantel


El debate entre impuestos directos versus impuestos indirectos se resolvió en la década de los años cincuenta, haciendo notar que la existencia de bienes no susceptibles de ser gravados destruye la presunción teórica que los impuestos directos son preferibles, desde el punto de vista de la eficiencia y el bienestar, a los impuestos indirectos. Como una consecuencia de este debate se estudió la estructura tributaria óptima cuando ciertos bienes no son gravables. Utilizando un modelo con dos bienes gravables y uno que no es susceptible de ser gravado, Corlett y Hague en 1953 y Meade en 1955 demostraron que la estructura tributaria óptima consiste en gravar más al bien más complementario con el no gravable y menos al más sustituto con ese bien. Este trabajo demuestra que este resultado no es necesariamente correcto si los bienes gravables son más de dos, y en tal caso, la estructura tributaria óptima depende de las relaciones de complementariedad y sustituibilidad entre los bienes susceptibles de ser gravados.
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  • Osvaldo H. Schenone & Carlos A. Rodríguez & Rolf R. Mantel, 1984. "Complementariedad, Exenciones y Tributación Optima," CEMA Working Papers: Serie Documentos de Trabajo. 42, Universidad del CEMA.
  • Handle: RePEc:cem:doctra:42

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Calvo, Guillermo A & Rodriguez, Carlos Alfredo, 1977. "A Model of Exchange Rate Determination under Currency Substitution and Rational Expectations," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 85(3), pages 617-625, June.
    2. Dornbusch, Rudiger, 1973. "Currency Depreciation, Hoarding, and Relative Prices," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 81(4), pages 893-915, July-Aug..
    3. Jacob A. Frenkel & Carlos A. Rodriguez, 1982. "Exchange Rate Dynamics and the Overshooting Hypothesis," NBER Working Papers 0832, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Rodriguez, Carlos Alfredo, 1989. "Macroeconomic policies for structural adjustment," Policy Research Working Paper Series 247, The World Bank.
    5. Frenkel, Jacob A & Razin, Assaf, 1986. "Fiscal Policies in the World Economy," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(3), pages 564-594, June.
    6. Dornbusch, Rudiger, 1974. "Tariffs and nontraded goods," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 4(2), pages 177-185, May.
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    1. Osvaldo Schenone, 1985. "La Regla "Gravar en Función Inversa a la Elasticidad" y la Tributación Óptima," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 22(65), pages 117-122.

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