Ganhos potenciais na esperança de vida decorrentes da exclusão dos óbitos associados ao tabagismo em Curitiba e Belo Horizonte, 2003: uma aplicação do modelo de múltiplos decrementos
The aim of the present study is to measure the impact of smoking on life expectancy at birth, by sex and age in two capital cities, Curitiba and Belo Horizonte in 2003. The analysis is performed using the methodology of multiple decrements, eliminating the mortality attributable to smoking in three major groups of causes of death: malignant neoplasms, cardiovascular diseases and respiratory diseases. For the calculation of mortality rates related to tobacco the indicator used was the number of deaths attributable to smoking, estimated indirectly by Corrêa et al (2009), who used information from the Household Survey on Risk Behavior and Morbidity from Diseases and Noncommunicable the Ministry of Health, the Population Atributable Risk (PAR). For other rates, data come from the Mortality Information System (MIS). As observed in developed countries, the impact of smoking is higher among men and in the capital, where smoking prevalence was higher. However, our results suggest that the difference observed between the sexes, along with smoking, was lower than that observed in the literature.
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