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Spectral Density Estimation and Robust Hypothesis Testing Using Steep Origin Kernels Without Truncation


  • Phillips, Peter C.B.
  • Sun, Yixiao
  • Jin, Sainan


In this paper, we construct a new class of kernel by exponentiating conventional kernels and use them in the long run variance estimation with and without smoothing. Depending on whether the exponent is allowed to grow with the sample size, we establish different asymptotic approximations to the sampling distribution of the proposed estimator. When the exponent is passed to infinity with the sample size, the new estimator is consistent and shown to be asymptotically normal. When the exponent is fixed, the new estimator is inconsistent and has a nonstandard limiting distribution. It is shown via Monte Carlo experiments that, when the chosen exponent is small in practical applications, the nonstandard limit theory provides better approximations to the finite sampling distributions of the spectral density estimator and the associated test statistic in regression settings.

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  • Phillips, Peter C.B. & Sun, Yixiao & Jin, Sainan, 2004. "Spectral Density Estimation and Robust Hypothesis Testing Using Steep Origin Kernels Without Truncation," University of California at San Diego, Economics Working Paper Series qt6mf9q2rt, Department of Economics, UC San Diego.
  • Handle: RePEc:cdl:ucsdec:qt6mf9q2rt

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Hanck, Christoph & Demetrescu, Matei & Kruse, Robinson, 2015. "Fixed-b Asymptotics for t-Statistics in the Presence of Time-Varying Volatility," Annual Conference 2015 (Muenster): Economic Development - Theory and Policy 112916, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    2. Shin-Kun Peng & Takatoshi Tabuchi, 2007. "Spatial Competition in Variety and Number of Stores," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 16(1), pages 227-250, March.
    3. McElroy, Tucker S. & Politis, Dimitris N., 2014. "Spectral density and spectral distribution inference for long memory time series via fixed-b asymptotics," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 182(1), pages 211-225.
    4. Lee, Wei-Ming & Kuan, Chung-Ming & Hsu, Yu-Chin, 2014. "Testing over-identifying restrictions without consistent estimation of the asymptotic covariance matrix," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 181(2), pages 181-193.
    5. Ulrich K. Müller & Mark W. Watson, 2015. "Low-Frequency Econometrics," NBER Working Papers 21564, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Preinerstorfer, David & Pötscher, Benedikt M., 2016. "On Size And Power Of Heteroskedasticity And Autocorrelation Robust Tests," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 32(02), pages 261-358, April.
    7. Sun, Yixiao, 2011. "Robust trend inference with series variance estimator and testing-optimal smoothing parameter," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 164(2), pages 345-366, October.
    8. Politis, D N, 2009. "Higher-Order Accurate, Positive Semi-definite Estimation of Large-Sample Covariance and Spectral Density Matrices," University of California at San Diego, Economics Working Paper Series qt66w826hz, Department of Economics, UC San Diego.
    9. Pesaran, M. Hashem & Timmermann, Allan, 2009. "Testing Dependence Among Serially Correlated Multicategory Variables," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 104(485), pages 325-337.
    10. Pötscher, Benedikt M. & Preinerstorfer, David, 2016. "Controlling the Size of Autocorrelation Robust Tests," MPRA Paper 75657, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Sun, Yixiao & Phillips, Peter C.B. & Jin, Sainan, 2011. "Power Maximization And Size Control In Heteroskedasticity And Autocorrelation Robust Tests With Exponentiated Kernels," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 27(06), pages 1320-1368, December.
    12. Elmar Mertens, 2008. "Are Spectral Estimators Useful for Implementing Long-Run Restrictions in SVARs?," Working Papers 08.01, Swiss National Bank, Study Center Gerzensee.
    13. Surajit Ray & N. E. Savin, 2008. "The performance of heteroskedasticity and autocorrelation robust tests: a Monte Carlo study with an application to the three-factor Fama-French asset-pricing model," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 23(1), pages 91-109.
    14. Steigerwald, Douglas G & Erb, Jack, 2007. "Accurately Sized Test Statistics with Misspecified Conditional Homoskedasticity," University of California at Santa Barbara, Economics Working Paper Series qt5rv0z5dz, Department of Economics, UC Santa Barbara.
    15. Ray, Surajit & Savin, N.E. & Tiwari, Ashish, 2009. "Testing the CAPM revisited," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 16(5), pages 721-733, December.
    16. Matei Demetrescu & Christoph Hanck & Robinson Kruse, 2016. "Fixed-b Inference in the Presence of Time-Varying Volatility," CREATES Research Papers 2016-01, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
    17. Yang, Lixiong & Lee, Chingnun & Shie, Fu Shuen, 2014. "How close a relationship does a capital market have with other markets? A reexamination based on the equal variance test," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 198-226.
    18. Sun, Yixiao, 2013. "Fixed-smoothing Asymptotics in a Two-step GMM Framework," University of California at San Diego, Economics Working Paper Series qt64x4z265, Department of Economics, UC San Diego.
    19. Xiaofeng Shao, 2010. "A self-normalized approach to confidence interval construction in time series," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series B, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 72(3), pages 343-366.
    20. Mertens, Elmar, 2012. "Are spectral estimators useful for long-run restrictions in SVARs?," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 36(12), pages 1831-1844.
    21. Guay, Alain & Guerre, Emmanuel & Lazarová, Štěpána, 2013. "Robust adaptive rate-optimal testing for the white noise hypothesis," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 176(2), pages 134-145.


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