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Caractéristiques structurelles et industrialisation en Afrique : Une première exploration

  • Michaël GOUJON


    (Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur le Développement International(CERDI))

On considère généralement que le développement des secteurs industriels est lié à la croissance ou au développement économique. Il est aussi usuel de considérer que les relatives mauvaises performances des pays africains sont expliquées par des obstacles à l’industrialisation, qu’ils soient structurels, en termes de gouvernance ou de politiques économiques. Le but de cet article est d’établir quelques faits stylisés sur les performances industrielles des pays africains dans une optique de comparaison entre ces pays. Nous utilisons pour cela des données macroéconomiques couvrant plus de cinquante pays africains sur la période 1990-2008. La méthode consiste à analyser dans un premier temps des statistiques descriptives sur les performances comparées de groupes de pays partageant certaines caractéristiques. Dans un deuxième temps, nous explorons les corrélations statistiques entre les performances industrielles et les caractéristiques des pays à travers quelques régressions économétriques simples.

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Paper provided by CERDI in its series Working Papers with number 201133.

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Length: 16
Date of creation: 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cdi:wpaper:1312
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