IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

Enhancing Competitiveness in Four African Economies: Botswana, Mauritius, Namibia and Tunisia

Listed author(s):
  • Patrick PLANE


    (Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur le Développement International(CERDI))


This paper investigates the competitiveness of the four economies. The second section briefly examines competitiveness through the macroeconomic performance or the ability these countries had to promote, over the past decades, a sustainable external and internal balance. Section 3 is devoted to the analysis of price competitiveness. In an integrated world where the “law of one price” applies, national producers must be able to keep their costs in line with the exogenous world price conditions. To address this question some indicators such as aggregate trade-weighted real effective exchange rates are used. Sector-based relative price indicators are also examined to highlight price or cost competitiveness for the most important primary and manufactured goods. Although relative prices strongly determine the ability to participate to the world integration, “getting the prices right” is not enough. In the Global Competitiveness Report, competitiveness is defined as the set of institutions, policies, and factors that determine the level of productivity of a country. Then, institutions matter whose economic role is examined in section 4. In developing economies with significant market failures, efficient institutions and good public governance help to increase the integration into the world economy. The rules and their enforcement contribute to firm productivity and the attractiveness of the national territory for domestic and foreign investors. To implement this analysis, using bilateral comparisons, the situation of the four countries has been compared to four non-African middle income economies. Although any pair of countries can be criticized as there is no country that strictly looks like another one, the pairs have been formed according to some basic economic criteria that reduce the potential subjectivity. In section 5, the main challenges ahead are reviewed for the four economies in relation with the “efficiency enhancers”. Section 6 reminds the major results and draws the conclusions of the study.

To our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
1. Check below under "Related research" whether another version of this item is available online.
2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.

Paper provided by CERDI in its series Working Papers with number 200928.

in new window

Length: 48
Date of creation: 2009
Publication status: Published in , 2009, pages 139-162
Handle: RePEc:cdi:wpaper:1116
Contact details of provider: Postal:
65 Bd. F. Mitterrand, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand

Phone: (33-4) 73 17 74 00
Fax: (33-4) 73 17 74 28
Web page:

More information through EDIRC

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:cdi:wpaper:1116. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Vincent Mazenod)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.