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DETERMINANTES DEL SALARIO EN CHILE. Un análisis desde el paradigma de la reproducción social

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  • Luis Miguel Rodrigo

    () (Instituto de Economía Aplicada Regional, Chile)

Abstract

Frente al paradigma económico neoclásico, hegemónico en la explicación del salario, se presenta el paradigma sociológico de la Reproducción Social, a partir de la obra de Pierre Bourdieu, para dar cuenta de la diferencia salarial en Chile. Después de exponer y comparar ambos paradigmas teóricos, se describe el caso de estudio, destacando las peculiaridades del modelo neoliberal chileno. Para comparar la capacidad explicativa de ambos enfoques, se estima el salario de los chilenos mediante la encuesta de Caracterización Socioeconómica Nacional 2009 (CASEN) a partir de dos modelos estadísticos, el modelo neoclásico basado en las ecuaciones de Mincer y un modelo que trata de capturar empíricamente los factores explicativos propios del paradigma de la Reproducción Social. Los resultados indican que, en el caso de Chile, el modelo Reproductivo tiene mayor capacidad explicativa que el Neoclásico, tanto para el conjunto de los asalariados, como para cada una de las generaciones que lo componen.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis Miguel Rodrigo, 2016. "DETERMINANTES DEL SALARIO EN CHILE. Un análisis desde el paradigma de la reproducción social," Documentos de Trabajo en Economia y Ciencia Regional 68, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Chile, Department of Economics, revised Apr 2016.
  • Handle: RePEc:cat:dtecon:dt201604
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    Keywords

    Bourdieu; Modelo Reproductivo; Sociología económica; Teoría Neoclásica.;

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