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Absolute and Comparative Advantage, Reconsidered: The Pattern of International Trade with Optimal Saving

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Abstract

This paper obtains new results about absolute and comparative advantage, by introducing international technological differences into the three-sector Findlay-Komiya and two-sector Oniki-Uzawa-Stiglitz models ofopen-economy growth with optimal saving. For example, ifa country has the same Hicks-neutral advantage in all industries, it exports the capital-intensive tradable, even though the technological advantage is only absolute rather than comparative. Alternatively, even a small comparative advantage for some good is sufficient for the advanced country to export this product, regardless of relative factor supplies. In either case, the fundamental reason for trade is technological superiority rather than factor abundance.

Suggested Citation

  • Richard A. Brecher & Zhiqi Chen & Ehsan U. Choudhri, 2000. "Absolute and Comparative Advantage, Reconsidered: The Pattern of International Trade with Optimal Saving," Carleton Economic Papers 00-02, Carleton University, Department of Economics, revised Nov 2002.
  • Handle: RePEc:car:carecp:00-02
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    File URL: http://www.carleton.ca/economics/research/working-papers/carleton-economic-papers-cep-1991-2000/
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    Cited by:

    1. Claustre Bajona & Timothy Kehoe, 2010. "Trade, Growth, and Convergence in a Dynamic Heckscher-Ohlin Model," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 13(3), pages 487-513, July.
    2. repec:gok:ijdcv1:v:7:y:2017:i:2:p:119-137 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Koichi Futagami & Akihiko Kaneko & Yoshiyasu Ono & Akihisa Shibata, 2008. "International Asset Trade, Capital Income Taxation, and Specialization Patterns," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 10(5), pages 743-763, October.
    4. Sen, Partha, 2015. "Uncertain lifetimes and convergence in a two-country Heckscher–Ohlin model," Mathematical Social Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 14-20.
    5. Wei-Bin Zhang, 2014. "Global Economic Growth and Environmental Change," SPOUDAI Journal of Economics and Business, SPOUDAI Journal of Economics and Business, University of Piraeus, vol. 64(3), pages 3-29, July-Sept.
    6. Wei-Bin Zhang, 2014. "Multi-regional economic growth with public good and regional fiscal policies in a small-open economy," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 52(2), pages 409-429, March.
    7. Yoshiyasu Ono & Akihisa Shibata, 2006. "Capital Income Taxation and Specialization Patterns: Investment Tax vs. Saving Tax," ISER Discussion Paper 0649, Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University.
    8. Wei-Bin Zhang, 2014. "National and International Inequalities in Income and Wealth in a Global Growth with Free Trade and National Inflation Policies," Global Economic Observer, "Nicolae Titulescu" University of Bucharest, Faculty of Economic Sciences;Institute for World Economy of the Romanian Academy, vol. 2(1), pages 22-40, May.
    9. Prof. Wei-Bin Zhang, 2015. "Economic Oscillations in a Multi-Country Growth Model with Free Trade and Tourism," Eurasian Business & Economics Journal, Eurasian Academy Of Sciences, vol. 2(2), pages 1-19, July.
    10. Partha Sen & Koji Shimomura, 2017. "Convergence and Overtaking in a Dynamic two Country Model," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 28(1), pages 107-124, February.
    11. Brigitte Desroches & Michael Francis, 2006. "Institutional Quality, Trade, and the Changing Distribution of World Income," Staff Working Papers 06-19, Bank of Canada.
    12. Wei-Bin ZHANG, 2015. "Tourism, Trade And Wealth Accumulation With Endogenous Income And Wealth Distribution Among Countries," EcoForum, "Stefan cel Mare" University of Suceava, Romania, Faculty of Economics and Public Administration - Economy, Business Administration and Tourism Department., vol. 4(1), pages 1-1, January.
    13. Partha Sen, 2013. "Capital Accumulation and Convergence in a Small Open Economy," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(4), pages 690-704, September.
    14. Wei-Bin Zhang, 2015. "National Education and Global Economic Growth: A Synthesis of the Uzawa–Lucas Two-Sector and the Oniki–Uzawa Trade Models," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 6(4), pages 905-928, December.
    15. repec:beo:journl:v:62:y:2017:i:213:p:93-128 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Wei-Bin Zhang, 2011. "Global Economic Growth, Elastic Labor Supply, Knowledge Utilization And Creation With Learning-By-Doing," Analele Stiintifice ale Universitatii "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" din Iasi - Stiinte Economice, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, vol. 58, pages 497-512, november.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    absolute advantage; comparative advantage; pattern of trade; optimal saving;

    JEL classification:

    • F11 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Neoclassical Models of Trade
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies

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