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The Finite-Sample Effects of VAR Dimensions on OLS Bias, OLS Variance, and Minimum MSE Estimators: Purely Nonstationary Case

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  • Steve Lawford

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  • Michalis P. Stamatogiannis

Abstract

Vector autoregressions (VARs) are an important tool in time series analysis. However, relatively little is known about the finite-sample behaviour of parameter estimators. We address this issue, by investigating ordinary least squares (OLS) estimators given a data generating process that is a purely nonstationary first-order VAR. Specifically, we use Monte Carlo simulation and numerical optimization to derive response surfaces for OLS bias and variance, in terms of VAR dimensions,given correct and (several types of) over-parameterization of the model:we include a constant, and a constant and trend, and introduce excess lags. We then examine the correction factors required for the least squares estimator to attain minimum mean squared error (MSE). Our results improve and extend one of the main ?nite-sample analytical bias results of Abadir, Hadri and Tzavalis (Econometrica 67 (1999) 163), generalize the univariate variance and MSE ?ndings of Abadir (Econ.Lett. 47 (1995) 263), and complement various asymptotic studies.

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  • Steve Lawford & Michalis P. Stamatogiannis, 2004. "The Finite-Sample Effects of VAR Dimensions on OLS Bias, OLS Variance, and Minimum MSE Estimators: Purely Nonstationary Case," Economics and Finance Discussion Papers 04-05, Economics and Finance Section, School of Social Sciences, Brunel University.
  • Handle: RePEc:bru:bruedp:04-05
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