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Potere di mercato e distribuzione dei profitti nella filiera del trasporto aereo

Listed author(s):
  • Gianmaria Martini
  • Davide Scotti


Il lavoro analizza la filiera del trasporto aereo per identificare l’esistenza di vantaggi competitivi in alcuni stadi, in grado di spiegare i frequenti fenomeni di difficoltà finanziarie incontrati dalle compagnie aeree. L’analisi ha dimostrato che i vettori ottengono una percentuale minima del profitto totale creato dal canale verticale. Al contrario, margini di profitto ben più elevati si realizzano nei comparti in cui operano le società di leasing, i costruttori di motori per gli aerei ed i GDS. Questa distribuzione asimmetrica del valore aggiunto è dovuta essenzialmente a due fattori: il mancato bilanciamento nel potere di mercato dal lato degli acquirenti (buyer power) e dal lato dei venditori (seller power) osservato in alcune fasi della filiera e la politica di liberalizzazione implementata finora nel settore del trasporto aereo, che ha riguardato solamente alcuni stadi della filiera (compagnie aeree e società di handling), ma che non ha incentivato allo stesso modo la competizione in altri comparti originando, proprio alla luce delle asimmetrie esistenti a livello di potere di mercato, degli effetti distorsivi lungo il canale verticale.

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Paper provided by Department of Economics and Technology Management, University of Bergamo in its series Working Papers with number 0906.

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Date of creation: 2009
Handle: RePEc:brh:wpaper:0906
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