IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/brh/wpaper/0903.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Socio-economic determinants of outpatient antibiotic consumption in Europe

Author

Listed:
  • Giuliano Masiero

    ()

  • Massimo Filippini
  • Matus Ferech
  • Herman Goossens
  • Matus Ferech

Abstract

Outpatient antibiotic consumption widely vary across Europe. The investigation of what lies behind such variation may help to identify sources of inefficiency. Comparable data on antibiotic use in 21 European countries between 1997 and 2005 are provided by the European Surveillance of Antimicrobial Consumption (ESAC). Data on determinants are available for 17 countries between 2000 and 2005. We estimate an ad-hoc econometric model to assess the impact of socio-economic determinants of antibiotic consumption and the role played by bacterial resistance knowledge. The population income, the demographic structure, the density of general practitioners and their remuneration method appear to be significant determinants of antibiotic consumption. Although countries with higher levels of bacterial resistance exhibit significantly higher levels of per capita antibiotic use, ceteris paribus, the responsiveness of antibiotic use to changes in bacterial resistance is relatively low (0.009-0.015). This may suggest that the dissemination of information on bacterial resistance across Europe lacks effectiveness. Next to guidelines on appropriate use of antibiotics and awareness campaigns, economic incentives to general practitioners may provide opportunities for additional policy instruments to increase efficiency in antibiotic consumption.

Suggested Citation

  • Giuliano Masiero & Massimo Filippini & Matus Ferech & Herman Goossens & Matus Ferech, 2009. "Socio-economic determinants of outpatient antibiotic consumption in Europe," Working Papers 0903, Department of Economics and Technology Management, University of Bergamo.
  • Handle: RePEc:brh:wpaper:0903
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10446/399
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Antibiotic use. Cross-country variations. Bacterial resistance;

    JEL classification:

    • I0 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - General
    • C3 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:brh:wpaper:0903. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (University of Bergamo Library). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/diberit.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.