IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Evolutionary patterns in e-business strategy


  • Raffaella Cagliano
  • Federico Caniato
  • Ruggero Golini
  • Matteo Kalchschmidt


  • Gianluca Spina


In 2003 we investigated the level of adoption of e-business by manufacturing firms in Europe, identifying four strategies and analyzing them in terms of contingent factors and supply chain integration mechanisms. In this paper we replicate those analyses using the new release of the International Manufacturing Strategy Survey (IMSS IV), comparing new results with old ones. Data collected in Europe within IMSS III and IMSS IV are used. In particular, we cluster companies according to e-business practices adopted in supply chain management and compare the degree of adoption of e-business in the two samples. A longitudinal analysis using data from companies participating to both editions of the survey is also conducted. We show that the main underlying constructs remain valid, with a higher average level of adoption of e-business tools, but the four cluster model is no more valid, while three clusters emerge, characterized by different levels of adoption of e-business, but balanced between e- commerce and e-procurement. The paper shows that also small and medium firms in various industries today are starting adopting e-business. Results show that a balanced, cautious approach is preferred to radical adoptions, since some firms have even reduced their initial efforts.

Suggested Citation

  • Raffaella Cagliano & Federico Caniato & Ruggero Golini & Matteo Kalchschmidt & Gianluca Spina, 2007. "Evolutionary patterns in e-business strategy," Working Papers 0713, Department of Economics and Technology Management, University of Bergamo.
  • Handle: RePEc:brh:wpaper:0713

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:brh:wpaper:0713. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (University of Bergamo Library). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.