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Concentration, Competition, Efficiency and Profitability of the Turkish Banking Sector in the Post-Crises Period

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  • Ahmet Faruk Aysan
  • Ali Gunes
  • Osman Furkan Abbasoglu

Abstract

After 2001 crisis, the macroeconomic environment led to important changes in Turkish banking sector which has experienced a process of concentration by involving in merger and acquisition activities and liquidation of some insolvent banks. Using the data from the detailed balance sheets of the banks that operated in the years from 2001 to 2005, we examine the degree of concentration and degree of competition in the market by applying Panzar and Rosse’s approach. We also explore the existence of relationship between efficiency and profitability of the banks taking into account the internationalization of banking. Our results do not suggest the existence of relationship between concentration and competition. There is also no robust relationship between efficiency and profitability.
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Suggested Citation

  • Ahmet Faruk Aysan & Ali Gunes & Osman Furkan Abbasoglu, 2007. "Concentration, Competition, Efficiency and Profitability of the Turkish Banking Sector in the Post-Crises Period," Working Papers 2007/20, Bogazici University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:bou:wpaper:2007/20
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Allen N. Berger & Timothy H. Hannan, 1987. "The price-concentration relationship in banking," Research Papers in Banking and Financial Economics 100, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    2. Aysan, Ahmet Faruk & Ceyhan, Sanli Pinar, 2006. "Why Do Foreign Banks Invest In Turkey?," MPRA Paper 5491, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Ahmet Faruk Aysan & Sanli Pinar Ceyhan, 2007. "Market Disciplining Role of Crises on The Restructuring of the Turkish Banking Sector," Working Papers 2007/18, Bogazici University, Department of Economics.
    4. Berger, Allen N & Hannan, Timothy H, 1989. "The Price-Concentration Relationship in Banking," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 71(2), pages 291-299, May.
    5. Allen N. Berger & Timothy H. Hannan, 1998. "The Efficiency Cost Of Market Power In The Banking Industry: A Test Of The "Quiet Life" And Related Hypotheses," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 80(3), pages 454-465, August.
    6. Aysan, Ahmet Faruk & Lerzan, Yildiz, 2006. "The Regulation of the Credit Card Market in Turkey," MPRA Paper 5490, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Aysan, Ahmet Faruk & Al, Huseyin, 2006. "Assessing the Preconditions in Establishing an Independent Regulatory and Supervisory Agency in Globalized Financial Markets: The Case of Turkey," MPRA Paper 5481, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Wagenvoort, Rien & Schure, Paul, 1999. "Economies of Scale and Efficiency in European Banking: New Evidence," Economic and Financial Reports 1999/1, European Investment Bank, Economics Department.
    9. J.A. Bikker & J.M. Groeneveld, 1998. "Competition and Concentration in the EU Banking Industry," Research Series Supervision (discontinued) 8, Netherlands Central Bank, Directorate Supervision.
    10. D. Jansen & J. de Haan, 2003. "Increasing concentration in european banking: a macro-level analysis," WO Research Memoranda (discontinued) 743, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. T. Mangwengwende & Z. Chinzara & H. Nel, 2011. "Bank concentration and the interest rate pass-through in Sub-Saharan African countries," Working Papers 233, Economic Research Southern Africa.
    2. Jose Felix Izquierdo, 2017. "Modelos para los flujos de nuevo credito en España," Working Papers 17/09, BBVA Bank, Economic Research Department.
    3. Ömer Ýskenderoglu & Serpil Tomak, 2013. "Competition and Stability: An Analysis of the Turkish Banking System," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 3(3), pages 752-762.
    4. Aydemir, Resul & Guloglu, Bulent, 2017. "How do banks determine their spreads under credit and liquidity risks during business cycles?," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 147-157.
    5. Ahmet Faruk Aysan & Mustafa Haluk Güler & Cüneyt Orman, 2013. "Sustaining growth in emerging markets: the role of structural and monetary policies," Chapters,in: A New Model for Balanced Growth and Convergence, chapter 9, pages 122-144 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    6. Tuncay Celik & Levent Citak, 2016. "Banking Competition, Financial Liberalization and Economic Growth: Evidence from Turkish Economy during the 1990-2014 Period," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 6(4), pages 1750-1755.
    7. Ekin Ayse Ozsuca & Elif Akbostanci, 2012. "An Empirical Analysis of the Risk Taking Channel of Monetary Policy in Turkey," ERC Working Papers 1208, ERC - Economic Research Center, Middle East Technical University, revised Dec 2012.
    8. Aysan, Ahmet Faruk & Ermişoğlu, Ergun, 2013. "Turkey’s Capital Market & Banks: Recipe for Survival in Recessionary Times," MPRA Paper 50503, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. repec:ris:badest:0539 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Jose Maria Alvarez & Cristina Deblas & Jose Felix Izquierdo & Ana Rubio & Jaime Zurita, 2017. "The impact of European banking consolidation on credit prices," Working Papers 17/08, BBVA Bank, Economic Research Department.
    11. Aysan, Ahmet Faruk & Ceyhan, Şanli Pinar, 2008. "What determines the banking sector performance in globalized financial markets? The case of Turkey," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 387(7), pages 1593-1602.
    12. Ahmet AYSAN & Cagri HUSNU DALGIC & Murat DEMIRCI, "undated". "Macroeconomic, Sector Specific and Bank Specific Determinants of Net Interest Rate Margin: What Matters More For An Emerging Market Economy?," EcoMod2010 259600015, EcoMod.
    13. Akin, Guzin Gulsun & Aysan, Ahmet Faruk & Yildiran, Levent, 2008. "Transformation of the Turkish Financial Sector in the Aftermath of the 2001 Crisis," MPRA Paper 17803, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Aysan, Ahmet Faruk & Ertek, Gurdal & Ozturk, Secil, 2009. "Assessing the adverse effects of interbank funds on bank efficiency through using semiparametric and nonparametric methods," MPRA Paper 38113, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    15. Michael, Bryane & Apostoloski, Nenad, 2012. "The Middle Eastern Wealth Management Industry: Boon or Bust?," MPRA Paper 52069, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. Meryem Duygun Fethi & Mohamed Shaban & Thomas Weyman-Jones, 2012. "Turkish Banking Recapitalization and the Financial Crisis: An Efficiency and Productivity Analysis," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(S5), pages 76-90, November.
    17. Meryem Duygun Fethi & Mohamed Shaban & Thomas Weyman-Jones, 2012. "Turkish Banking Recapitalization and the Financial Crisis: An Efficiency and Productivity Analysis," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(S5), pages 76-90, November.
    18. Iveta Repková & Daniel Stavárek, 2014. "Concentration and Competition in the Banking Sector of Turkey," The AMFITEATRU ECONOMIC journal, Academy of Economic Studies - Bucharest, Romania, vol. 16(36), pages 625-625, May.
    19. Aysan, Ahmet Faruk & Güler, Mustafa Haluk & Orman, Cüneyt, 2013. "The Road to Sustainable Growth in Emerging Markets: The Role of Structural and Monetary Policies in Turkey," MPRA Paper 44730, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    20. Muhammad Ali, 2016. "Bank Profitability and its Determinants in Pakistan: A Panel Data Analysis after Financial Crisis," Journal of Finance and Economics Research, Geist Science, Iqra University, Faculty of Business Administration, vol. 1(1), pages 1-14, March.
    21. Tuncay Çelik & Muhittin Kaplan, 2016. "Testing the Structure-Conduct-Performance Paradigm for the Turkish Banking Sector: 2008-2013," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 6(4), pages 1625-1631.
    22. Elmas Yaldiz & Flavio Bazzana, 2010. "The effect of market power on bank risk taking in Turkey," Financial Theory and Practice, Institute of Public Finance, vol. 34(3), pages 297-314.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General

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